Myths of Lord Varuna
According to the Indian Puranas, Lord Varuna is said to be the son of sage Kashyapa. According to mythologies, the gods went to Lord Varuna and prayed him to look after the clouds and rains. Thus he came to be known as the ‘King of Water’. Lord Varuna took under his control all rivers, streams, lakes, oceans and other reservoirs of water. His vehicle is a ‘Makara’ (a partially fish creature) and his weapon is a ‘Pasha’ (rope loop). He is mentioned in many Rigvedic hymns.
Varuna and Mitra are the gods of the communal affairs including the pledge. According to the Puranas, he has thousand eyes and oversees the whole world. Hindus worship the lord in different forms. A few temples of the Indian subcontinent depicted him as riding on a crocodile. However, he is pictured as riding on a chariot drawn by seven swans and holding the lotus, noose, conch and a vessel of gems as well as with an umbrella held over his head. Certain Hindus associate him as a God carrying a serpent.
Lord Varuna is also considered as a god of law and the underworld. He possesses the aspects of a solar deity. However he is rather associated with night. He is concerned with moral and community affairs than being a deity of adoration. In the Vedas, Lord Varuna is portrayed as omniscient and omnipotent. Lord Varuna can also capable of granting immortality. He is the guardian of the western direction. Lord Varuna’s worship is considered as the vital part of the ritual of ‘Sandhyavandanam’. He is also associated with the moon too.
In Ramayana, Lord Rama interacted with Lord Varuna of how to cross the ocean to Lanka, where Sita was held imprisoned by king Ravana. Lord Varuna did not response and Lord Rama with anger prepared himself to hit the ocean with his bow and arrow to destroy the water by fire up and to make a bridge of sand for his army to cross. Lord Rama shoots his weapon to the ocean into fire and then Lord Varuna come out of the ocean. Lord Varuna told Lord Rama that he himself did not make out how to help Lord Rama as the sea is deep, huge and he cannot change the nature of sea. Lord Varuna assured to Lord Rama that he would not disturb him or his military as they build a bridge and cross over to Lanka. Lord Varuna punishes the sinners by binding them in his noose, and is hence he is known as "the binder". His knowledge and power are infinite. He is one of the earliest of the Vedic gods and is the creator of the worlds.