(Last Updated on : 17-01-2019)
Origin of Brahmaputra River is in south-western Tibet as the Yarlung Tsangpo River. Brahmaputra River
is one of the largest rivers
in Asia. The total length of the river is about 2900 km. The river takes birth at the Mansarovar of the Himalayas
, flows through Tibet, China, Burma, India and joins with River Ganga
in Bangladesh. It flows across south-western Tibet and then it breaks through the Himalayas in great gorge. Its basin covers the areas of Tibet, China, India and Bangladesh. It is a trans-boundary river.
Etymology of Brahmaputra River
Brahmaputra River is also called Tsangpo-Brahmaputra. In Tibet, the Brahmaputra River is known as Yarlung Tsangpo River. In Arunachal Pradesh
, it is known as Dihang, in the Assam Valley
as Brahmaputra, in Bangladesh as the Jamuna and Meghna
before emptying into the Bay of Bengal
. The Sanskrit
name for Brahmaputra is Lauhitya. The word Brahmaputra means Son of Brahma
and according to the Hindu mythology
, it is a holy river. The biggest and the smallest river islands in the world are Majuli
and Umandana which are formed along this river.
Course of Brahmaputra River in India
Brahmaputra River enters India in the far north-eastern state
of Arunachal Pradesh after travelling hundreds of miles over Tibet as the Tsangpo from its birthplace near the holy lake
of Mansarovar. It is one of the worlds largest rivers, on the similar scale with the Indus
, Mississippi and the Nile.
From its origin in south-western Tibet as the Yarlung Tsangpo River, it flows across southern Tibet to penetrate through the Himalayas in great gorges and into Arunachal Pradesh, flows south-west through the Assam Valley and then towards south through Bangladesh. There it converges with the River Ganga to form a vast delta
. In Bangladesh, the river merges with the Ganga and divides into two the Hooghly River
and Padma River. When it merges with the Ganges, it forms the world's largest delta at the Sunderbans
and finally empties into the Bay of Bengal.
The upper course of Brahmaputra River was unknown for a long time, and its identity with the Yarlung Tsangpo was only recognized by exploration in 1884-86. The lower reaches are sacred among the Hindus
. Brahmaputra River is navigable along most of the river length. The river is prone to catastrophic flooding in spring when the Himalayan snows melt. It is also one of the few rivers in the world that exhibit a tidal influence.