(Last Updated on : 12/02/2018)
Reddy Community belongs to the Telugu
that is split into numerous subsections. Though they are to be found in Tamil Nadu
(where they are known as Reddiars) and Karnataka
, they belong to Andhra Pradesh
and constitute nearly one-fourth of the total population. Telangana
and the districts of Nellore
are their chief places of residence.
The Reddys originally belong to the 4th and last caste
- the Sudra
. They have, through the ages, assumed the role of Kshatriyas
. The term Reddy was a title denoting temporal authority. The Kakatiyas
had 72 Nayakas
under them among whom were the Reddys and the Velamas, two sections antagonistic to each other. The Reddy Community were classified into three groups according to the regions where they flourished, the Kondaveeti Reddys, the Oruganti Reddys and the Painati Reddys.
Origin of Reddy Community
Reddys were generally believed to have originated after the decline of the Rashtrakutas
and the rise of the Kalyani Chalukyas in 900 CE. The Kalyani Chalukyas appointed the former soldiers of the Rashtrakutas, who were called as Raddis, as village
chieftains. In due course of time, "Reddy" became the title given to the village headman or chieftain.
History of Reddy Community
With the submergence of the Kshatriya rulers under the onslaught of the Muslim invaders, on whom they inflicted crushing defeats, the Reddys emerged as a power in the Deccan
. The confrontation between Warangal
, the Kakatiya capital and Delhi
led the resourceful Reddys to make a drive in 1329 for the liberation of the Deccan from the Muslims
Society of Reddy Community
Reddy Community is largely settled in Andhra Pradesh. Here they are primarily farmers. One of the main features of the society is that they respect women
. In fact women have been allotted an important position in the society. They are brought up with proper education
and given opportunities to choose their own career.
Profession of Reddy Community
The Reddys may have been early practitioners of agriculture
and farming. "Reddy" is derived from the Telugu word "redu" which means farm land. Thus the traditional occupation of Reddy Community is agriculture.