According to some scholars, the Negrito element seems to be the earliest racial strain in the population of Kerala. There are also numbers of tribal people dwelling in Kerala. The major tribes of Kerala are Marati, Malamalasar, Kondareddis, Kammara, etc. The Urali tribe is the primitive artisan tribe of Wayanad district. Kurichiya tribe of Wayanad district is another prominent tribal group of Kerala. Their chief occupation is agriculture; both shifting and permanent cultivation of rice is practised by them. They also practice hunting. The Kurichiyas are matrilineal, having large matrilineal households in a cluster of huts known as Mittam under the authority of the maternal uncle. The Mulla Kurumbas differ very little in general appearance from the Kurichiyas but are patrilineal. The Proto-Australoids also came to the region long after the Negritos.
The Dravidians are represented by different communities such as Nayars, Vellalas, Ezhavas, etc. The word Ezhava has been derived from Sinhala and the other name of the community, Thiya, is derived from Dwipa which means an island. Namputiris represent the spearhead of Aryan penetration to the southern region. There has been considerable mingling of Aryan and Dravidian strains in the case of Nayar community. Though there has been an infusion of Syrian and Arabic blood in the case of the Christian and Muslim communities, the basic stock is indigenous.
Kerala has the highest standard of living among all the states in the Indian alliance. Ironically Kerala has the least number of Industries or manufacturing and is entirely a consumer state. Most of the people of Kerala are Hindu. But there is a considerable population of Christians and Muslims too inhabiting the state. People of Kerala are peace loving people and they celebrate all the religious festivals. In modern times the Keralites have migrated in large numbers in search of employment to several foreign countries. The professionals of Kerala are among the most wanted experts in the fields of medicine, Information Technology etc.