It is a conflux of 3 states of North India like Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu Kashmir. Branches of Indian Army and Indian Air Force also have been established here. Pathankot also has the principal military base in Asian continent.
Due to this strategic location and importance Pathankot is popularly called cock neck city. Multiple mountains and mighty rivers form its boundaries, which enrich the geography of Pathankot. It lies at the foothills of Dalhousie and Kangra, and also the river Chakki flows in the vicinity. It is a best stop over before one go for mountains like Dalhousie, Jammu and Kashmir, Chamba, and Kangra. Pathankot rises approximately at 32.28° N 75.65° E. It has an average height of 332 meters or 1089 feet.
No discussion on geography of Pathankot takes a concrete shape without the knowledge of its demographical details. In this regard the census report of India that has been published in the year 2001 deserves special mentioning. According to this report, the total population of Pathankot has shown a measurement of 159,559. Out of it, male populace constitutes 55 % of the population. In comparison, female populace is less thus constituting 45 % only. Information about literacy rate too can be known. Pathankot has shown an average literacy rate of 77 %, which is even higher than that of the entire nation, which constitutes 59.5 %. Specifications about male and female literacy rates too can be inferred. Male literacy rate is 80 %. However the rate of female literacy also is no less insignificant. Thus it constitutes 73 % . In Pathankot, children who are below six years of age constitute 11 % of the total population.
Out of the total population Hindus forms the majority constituting 80 % of the total population . The remaining 15% comprises of Sikh community . Christians constitute 5 %. In Pathankot, languages like Punjabi, Hindi, Dogri, Pashto are widely spoken by the people.
Climatic condition helps any one to know about the geography of Pathankot in much better way. The people of Pathankot witness extreme climatic situation. Summers are hot and humid. Winters are freezing where mercury level drops down to a very low degree. Ample rainfall makes the region fertile and thriving.
Rivers constitute an important aspect of geography of Pathankot. Rivers like Ravi and Chakki flow this region of Pathankot. Badhahi canal, better known as Pathanki, irrigates Pathankot.