(Last Updated on : 23/07/2019)
The Second Battle of Tarain was fought between Ghurids and Chahamanas
in 1192 near Tarain, which comes under Taraori, Haryana
in modern days. The Ghurid king Mu'izz al-Din defeated the Chahamana king Prithiviraj Chauhan
to revenge for the earlier defeat at the First Battle of Tarain
in 1191. Mu'izz al-Din was seriously injured after the first battle, following which he returned to Ghazni to prepare himself for the revenge.
Batellion Force for Battle of Tarain
According to the historians the Chauhans
army was consisted of 3000 elephants
, 300,000 cavalry and infantry whereas Mu'izz al-Din had 120, 000 fully armored men to battle.
During the Battle of Tarain
The battle took place in the same war field of the first one. As the Chahamana forces were well disciplined, Ghurids arranged the army in a more organized manner. It was divided into five units, four of which were sent to attack the enemy and the fifth one was ordered to feign retreat. According to some historians, Mu'izz al-Din directed a light cavalry of 10,000 mounted archers. They were divided into four divisions to surround the Chahamana forces from the four sides. Chahamana forces then charged Ghurid unit following which Ghurids sent a fresh cavalry unit of 12,000 and they managed to throw back the enemy. According to some other historians, Mu'izz al-Din's strategy to win this battle actually resulted in the Victory of Islam
Impacts of Battle of Tarain
Prithviraj was captured in the neighbourhood of Sursuti. Some historians believe that he was taken to Chahamana capital Ajmer
, where he was made a Ghurid vassal. After sometime, Prithviraj rebelled and was killed for that. Ghurid forces started to control the entire Chahamana territory and Ghurids son Govindaraja IV was appointed on the throne of Ajmer as their vassal. Prithvirajs younger brother Hariraja dethroned Govindaraja, and recaptured a part of his ancestral kingdom, but was later defeated by the Ghurid general Qutb al-Din Aibak. The Ghurids later defeated the king Jayachandra of Gahadavala Dynasty at the Battle
of Chandawar, and they conquered most of the portions of northern India