Shantipur is a city and a municipality in Nadia district
in the Indian state of West Bengal
. This small town has been declared a city recently. The fort area of this city, also known as Daak-Gharh (calling or gathering room) is thought to have been built by Raja Krishnachandra of Krishnanagar
History of Shantipur
Shantipur is popular for its "Dolutsav" and "Rasutsav" which is though to have been started by Mathuresh Goswami, the great grandson of Advaita Acharya who was one of the main associates of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. The main deity of the town is Radharaman in the family of Baro Gosai, descendent of Mathuresh Goswami. Originally, the deity was installed as a solo statue of Lord Krishna
by Indradyumma. When the king of Yessore attacked Orissa he brought this deity along with him to his capital. Later, during the Mughal rule in India, Akbar
laid a siege on Jessore/Yessore. The temple priest gave away the deity to his guru Mathuresh Goswami to save it during the time of emergency. Realizing the situation well, Mathuresh brought the deity to his ancestral home, Shantipur. Later, of course the deity of Radha was also installed beside Dolgovinda and both were renamed as Radharaman. Advaita Acharya worshipped a deity himself and named it as Madan Gopal, which was worshipped under the lineage of Krishna Mishra, the second son of Advaita Acharya. Besides them, there are various other idols and old temples which are dedicated to Lord Krishna
a. On the auspicious day of Ratha Yatra
, all of them are taken out around the city for grand procession, accompanied with kirtans and drums. This gives Rashotsav a very ancient and historical look.
Geography of Shantipur
Shantipur is located at 23.25 degree north to 88.43 degree east. It has an average elevation of 15 metres (49 feet).
Economy of Shantipur
The place is very popular for handicrafts and handloom saris. The saris are popularly known as Shatipuri Sari. The districts of Nadia and Bardhaman
are known for hand-woven fabrics. The Shantipuri style of weaving is very popular among the people, and is known for jacquards and dhotis.
Shantipur is very well connected by rail by EMU services running from Sealdah Railway Station
, North section. Shantipur is well connected to the Bardhaman District
(Kalna) and the Hoogly District
(Guptipara) through the river Ganges (Bhagirathi River