Rana Kumbha, Ruler of Mewar - Informative & researched article on Rana Kumbha, Ruler of Mewar
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesStates of India


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
States of India|Indian Cities|Beaches of India|Hill Stations in India|Forests in India
Home > Travel > States of India > Rajasthan > History of Rajasthan > Rana Kumbha
Rana Kumbha, Ruler of Mewar
Rana Kumbha or Kumbha of Mewar was the ruler of Mewar between 1433 AD and 1468 AD.
 
 Rana Kumbha, Ruler of MewarRana Kumbha was a Rajput ruler who belonged to the Sisodia clan in Rajasthan. Kumbha was the son of Rana Mokal of Mewar and his wife Sobhagya Devi. Rana Kumbha was the forerunner of Rajput renaissance in the fifteenth century.

Rana Kumbha`s Ascension to the throne
Mewar had lost it significance after being invaded by the armies of Ala- ud- din Khilji in the beginning of the 13th century. Rana Hammira grandson, Maharana Mokal was assassinated by his brothers Chacha and Mera in 1433. Lack of support, however, caused Chacha and Mera to flee and Rana Kumbha ascended the throne of Mewar. Initially, Rana Kumbha was ably assisted by Ranmal who was the Rathore of Mandore. However, Rana Kumbha assassinated him in 1438AD. In November 1442 Khalji (Khilji), Sultan of Malwa, commenced a series of attacks on Mewar. On April 26, 1443, Rana Kumbha attacked Sultan and he had to return to Mandu. The Sultan captured kingdoms nearby Mewar but did not attack Mewar for another ten years. Rana Kumbha erected Vijay Stambha in order to commemorate his victory over the combined armies of Malwa and Gujarat in 1440 AD.

Rana Kumbha was aided by Ahmad Shah (ruler of Gujarat), and Muhammad Shah (ruler of Delhi) to oust Mahmud Khilji. Rana of kumbha was conferred the title of Hindu-suratrana by the rulers of Delhi and Gujarat. He was the first Hindu ruler to be given this honour by the Muslim Sultans.

Firuz(Firoz) Khan, the ruler of Nagaur, died around 1453-1454. Shams Khan his son initially sought help of Rana Kumbha against his uncle Mujahid Khan, who had usurped the throne. Shams Khan, refused to weaken his defences. Kumbha angered by this, captured Nagaur, Kasili, Khandela and Sakambhari in 1456. Rana kumbha was able to defend his kingdom against the attack of Mahmud Khilji and Qutb-ud-din Aibak and Rao Jodha.

Construction of forts by Kumbha of Mewar
He built 32 fortresses that formed the defence of Mewar. The chief citadel of Mewar, is the fort of Kumbhalgarh that was built by Kumbha which is the highest fort in Rajasthan.

Cultural achievements by Rana Kumbha
Art and culture flourished during Kumbha`s reign. He is credited with writing the Samgita-raja, the Rasika-priya commentary on the Gitagovinda, the Sudaprabandha, and the Kamaraja-ratisara. During his reign the scholar Atri and his son Mahesa wrote the prashasti of the Chittor Kirti-stambha and Kahana Vyasa wrote the Ekalinga-mahamatya.

Vijay Stambha
Rana Kumbha commissioned the construction of a Victory Tower or Vijay sthambha at Chittor. It was completed in 1458 and is also referred to as Vishnu Stambha -- "Tower of Vishnu". It is covered with sculptures of Hindu Gods and Goddesses and depicts episodes from the epics of Ramayana and the Mahabharata.

The Ranakpur Trailokya-dipaka Jain temple, the Kumbhasvami and Adivarsha temples of Chittor and the Shantinatha Jain temple are some structures built during his rule.

Rana Kumbha was killed by his son Udaysimha.

(Last Updated on : 08/04/2013)
More Articles in History of Rajasthan  (42)
Recently Updated Articles in States of India
Telangana
Telangana is a land-locked state in South India. Telangana came into existence after the disintegration of Andhra Pradesh and makes it as the twelfth largest state in India.
History of the Ganjam district
The history of Ganjam, though antique enough, was documented right from the beginning of the French settlement in Ganjam
Ganjam district
Ganjam District of Orissa is located nearly along the border of Andhra Pradesh. This district is known as a famous historical district of the state and is specially recognized as the land of beaches.
Festivals of Ganjam District
Festivals of Ganjam District are a reflection of the culture and traditions of the district. Several colourful festivals like Ratha Yatra, Dola Yatra, District Cultural Festival, etc. are celebrated in Ganjam District.
Education of Ganjam district
The socio-economic genesis of Ganjam encourages the growth of the education in the district.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on States of India
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Travel
 
 
Rana Kumbha, Ruler of Mewar - Informative & researched article on Rana Kumbha, Ruler of Mewar
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.