(Last Updated on : 13-02-2014)
Panipat District is a small compact district of Haryana. This administrative district has its headquarters located at the historical city of Panipat. It is also popular as the city of weavers or city of handloom. Panipat District came into existence in the year 1992. Panipat District is located in the central eastern part of the state. Panipat has an ideal location and is industrially forward. This district is spread over an area of 1300.38 sq kms.
History of Panipat District
Panipat District has a very glorious place in the history of India. It is said that, at the time of battle of Mahabharata
, the five villages which were demanded by the Pandavas
, 'Panipat' was also one of those. It is a historic place as three major battles were fought here - first battle of Panipat
, second battle of Panipat
and the third battle of Panipat
. Panipat was a part of Karnal District till 31st October, 1989, which was upgraded as a separate district, including Assandh Tehsil of district Karnal. When this district was reformed on 1st of January, 1992, Assandh Tehsil was excluded from this district.
Geography of Panipat District
The three sides of Panipat District touches other districts of Haryana namely Karnal District in the north, Jind District
in the west and Sonipat District in its south and in the east it touches Uttar Pradesh
across Yamuna River
. The only perennial river of Panipat District is Yamuna River. Panipat District has a moderate climate. The climate, being Gangetic type is hot in summer and cold in winter. The coldest month is January and hottest is June. Maximum temperature recorded in the district is around 42 degree Celsius and minimum temperature recorded is around 4.4 degree Celsius. About 80 percent of the annual rainfall is received in between July to September. Average annual rainfall is 500 mm to 1000 mm. The remaining months are almost dry except January, which occasionally receives light showers of winter rains. Panipat District is not rich in wild life. The main crops cultivated in the district are paddy, maize
, gram and sugarcane
. Panipat District is one of the fertile and industrially developed districts of the country.
Administration of Panipat District
Administration of Panipat District is headed by Deputy Commissioner. Panipat District has two Sub Divisions namely Panipat and Samalkha. Further, the administrative set-up of Panipat District has three tehsils - Panipat, Samalkha and Israna. The two Sub Tehsils of this district are Bapoli and Madlauda. There are five development blocks of Panipat District namely Panipat, Samalkha, Israna, Bapoli and Madlauda.
Tourism in Panipat District
Panipat District is known for its historical sites. This is one of the prominent tourist centres of the state. Panipat Museum is one of the major sites of this district. Other attractions for the travellers are Grave of Ibrahim Lodhi, Kabuli Bagh Mosque, Salar Gunj Gate, Devi Temple, Shri Ram Sharnam and Tomb of Bu-Ali Shah Kalandar. These places attract people from far and wide.
Panipat city is known for its handloom industries at the national as well as international level. Panipat city is also a historical place and is situated at around 90 kms from Delhi. Further, Panipat has more than 100 reputed exporters for handloom and textile goods.