(Last Updated on : 20/02/2014)
Bhilwara District is located in the state of Rajasthan. It is an industrial town which is famous country-wide for the textiles industry. Well connected by road and rail, the district is situated at a distance of 260 Kms away from Jaipur. It is not exactly clear as to how the district acquired its name. It is widely held that the district was mostly inhabited by Bhils in the old days, and this is how the name Bhilwara came about. Though primarily an agricultural economy, the district has managed to make a name for itself in the industrial map of the state.
Location of Bhilwara District
Bhilwara district is situated between 25 degrees 0 minutes to 27 degrees 50 minutes North Latitude and 74 degrees 3 minutes to 75 degrees 25 minutes East longitude. It is bounded in the north by Ajmer District
, in the north-west, west and south west by Udaipur
and Rajasamand district and in the south and south-east by Chittorgarh district
. In the east and north east it is surrounded by Tonk and Bundi district
. The district is situated 100 metres above sea level. The total length of the district from west to east is 144 km. while the breadth from North to south is 104 km approximately. The district is 260 kilometres away from Jaipur
History of Bhilwara District
It is traditionally believed that the district of Bhilwara acquired its name because it was mostly inhabited by Bhils in the old days.
These Bhils were eventually driven away towards the hilly tracts and interior places of less importance by the ancestors of the peasant settlers. Ironically enough, now very few Bhils live in this area. Another version recounts that the present Bhilwara city had a mint where coins known as `bhiladi` were minted and from this denomination was derived the name of the district. Over the years it has emerged as the textile city of Rajasthan
. Nowadays, Bhilwara is better known as the textile city of the country.
Geography of Bhilwara District
Bhilwara district has a hot and dry summer and bracing cold winter. The cold season is from December to February and is followed by hot summers from March to the last week of June. The south west monsoon season which follows, last till about mid September. The period from mid September to about the end of November constitutes the post monsoon season. Among the rivers in the district, Banas River
is the only seasonal river in the district. Its tributaries are the Bedach, Kothari and Khari. Other rivers are Mansi, Menali, Chandrabhaga and Nagri. The major minerals found in the district are mica
, soapstone, copper
, feldspar and quartz
, white clay, garnet
, asbestos, glass sand and sandstone.
Education in Bhilwara District
Education in Bhilwara district has a well-developed structure. The Department of Education of the Government of Rajasthan is responsible for Primary, Secondary and Higher Secondary Education. To achieve the goal of literacy in Rajasthan, the government has a very strong network of schools. The schools are divided in three categories to provide education at various stages. The division is as follows: 1.Primary Education 2.Secondary Education 3.Higher Secondary Education. In order to make education accessible to the masses, the government has further given recognition to various private institutes that provide education to the children. Besides this, the Government is also running Rajiv Gandhi
Pathashala (School) Scheme to provide primary education to the rural children.
A number of schemes are being carried out to improve the status of education in the district: Shiksha Aapke Dwar (Education at your door) District Primary Education Program (DPEP) Ghummakad Vidyalaya Shiksha Mitra Yojna. To impart higher College education, there are six colleges in the district and one Engineering college: Manikya Lal Verma Textile College, Bhilwara Manikya Lal Verma Government College, Bhilwara Seth Muralidhar Maansinghka Government Girls College, Bhilwara. Beside this there are colleges at Shahpura, gangapur, Gulabpura and Mandalgarh. Besides, there are school run By CBSE. They are: Central School, Bhilwara Central School, Hurda Navodaya Vidhyalaya and Hurda.
Tourism in Bhilwara District
A number of places of tourism are found in the district of Bhilwara. A number of beautiful temples have been constructed here in the district, such as those at Asind and Bijoliyan. Also located here are a number of places of historical significance, such as Shahpura, capital of the erstwhile state of Shahpura, and Mandalgrah, which was the scene of many a fierce battle during the mediaeval times, according to the muslim historians. Among the other places worth visiting here are the Badnore Fort, Gangapur and Pur.