(Last Updated on : 07/10/2013)
Indian wildlife sanctuaries are home to diverse species of birds, mammals and other animals. In India there are around 551 wildlife sanctuaries. Among these wildlife sanctuaries, Project Tiger in India
governs 28 Tiger Reserves and they hold special significance in the preservation of tiger. Interestingly, some of the wildlife sanctuaries are specifically named as Bird Sanctuary, such as Keoladeo Ghana National Park
before they attained the status of National Park. Several National Parks of the country were formerly wildlife sanctuaries. Wildlife sanctuaries in India cover near about 4.5 percent of the country's total geographical area. These sanctuaries are scattered throughout the country and they with their amazing rock formation, diverse flora and fauna and beautiful landscapes attract the attention of the tourists from far and wide.
The seventh-largest country in the world by geographical region, India has quite a huge natural history and also has one of the richest wildlife heritages all over the world. The Indian subcontinent is home to many rare and exotic species of wildlife. A lot of initiatives and measures have been taken from time to time, to protect the vast wildlife of India and to prevent them from extermination. The Indian wildlife sanctuaries are playing an important role in this preservation mission. They are actually supporting and preserving several reptiles, animals, birds, and endangered species in India. They are also providing the wildlife enthusiasts with a wonderful chance to explore the rich Indian wildlife and know more about it.
The Indian wildlife sanctuaries as well as the forest reserves are home to a wide range of endangered species of birds and animals like Snow Leopard
, Siberian Crane, Asiatic Elephant and the Royal Bengal tiger
. The Indian wildlife sanctuaries are spread across the country and they can be classified in different ways. The sanctuaries try to provide a natural atmosphere and keep the animals, reptiles, birds and endangered species in India
in their natural ambience. There are several Indian wildlife sanctuaries that are serving special purpose of preserving specific species or animals, like the bird sanctuaries, or the tiger reserve, etc. The Indian wildlife sanctuaries are also counted amongst the most attractive tourist spots in India. Numerous tourists from India and all over the world come and visit the sanctuaries every year to witness the wildlife while riding on an elephant's back, or from a watch tower or from a boat. It is quite an adventurous experience for the tourists, as the thrill that they have while spotting herds of wild elephants, deer and predators catching their preys in their natural habitat is much more exciting than watching a wildlife documentary on television.
Several Indian wildlife sanctuaries have earned recognition and reputation all over the world and some of them are also counted as the best, in the world. Some of the famous Indian wildlife sanctuaries are Bura-Chapori Wildlife Sanctuary, Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary, Narayan Sarovar Chinkara Sanctuary, Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary, Thol Wildlife Sanctuary, Anerdam Wildlife Sanctuary, Bhamragarh Wildlife Sanctuary, Bhimashankar Wildlife Sanctuary, Bor Wildlife Sanctuary, Changthang Wildlife Sanctuary, Noorichan Wildlife Sanctuary, Karakoram Wildlife Sanctuary, Bharatpur Wildlife Sanctuary, Rajasthan; Sariska Tiger Reserve; Gir National Park, Gujarat
; Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala
; Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary; Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary, Goa
and more. Some of the wildlife sanctuaries are known for some specific species of animals. Like for instance, Periyar in Kerala
is famous for elephants while Kaziranga National Park in Assam
is known for Indian Rhinoceros
These Indian wildlife sanctuaries offer the travellers the opportunity to explore the rich diverse wildlife and natural vegetation.