(Last Updated on : 27/01/2018)
The characters in Ramayana
are instrumental in narrating the entire epic
. They are meaningfully related to each other helping to bring a significant conclusion. Each of the characters significantly adds to the narration at different times and places in the Sanskrit epic
. Most of the characters like Lord Rama, Sita, Lakshmana, Hanuman and others are considered as deities according to Hindu mythology
Prince Rama is considered as an incarnation of Lord Vishnu
; whereas Lord Hanuman is considered as the incarnation of Lord Shiva
. The antagonist in the Hindu
epic, Ravana, is an iconic character in Hindu mythology and some religious sects regard Ravana as a deity as well. The character traits in Ramayana are categorised into three parts according to the dynasties.
Characters in Ramayana
Following are the different characters in Ramayana:
: He was the son of King Dasaratha and Queen Kausalya. He was the prince of Ayodya
. He is an avatara of Lord Vishnu. He was just a man in his own right. He was married to Sita and had a strong relationship with his brother Lakshmana as well. He is known as Maryada Purusottama and is the symbol of virtue.
: She was the daughter of King Janaka who found her lying on a road and decided to raise her as his daughter. She married Lord Rama, and loved him so much that she followed him into the exile. She is celebrated for her virtue and beauty, and is also regarded as an avatara of the goddess Lakshmi
, Lord Vishnu's wife.
: Ravana was a devil
who performed self-punishment for Lord Shiva for many years. In return, he received a great blessing from the God
that he cannot be killed by any God, evil spirit, or the other divine being. His pride was combined with great intelligence and power which led him to rule over the earth by spreading horrible immorality everywhere.
: He was the son of King Dasaratha and Queen Sumitra. He was the brother of Lord Rama. He was the twin brother of Shatrughna. He was extremely dedicated to his brother. He followed him throughout many adventures and hunt
s. He was married to Sita's younger sister, Urmila. He is ascribed as the incarnation of Ananta Sesha
, the thousand-headed Naga
: Dasaratha was the emperor of Ayodhya, father of Lord Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata, and Shatrughna. He was a good king, kind and well-liked by his people. He was the scion of Raghuvamsa. He had three wives namely Kaushalya, Kaikeyi and Sumitra.
: He was the king of Mithila
and was the father of Sita, who found her in a furrow.
: Wife of King Janaka and mother of Sita.
: Bharatas wife and daughter of King Janaka's brother Kushadhvaja.
: Lakshmanas wife; daughter of King Janaka and sister of Sita.
: Shatrughnas wife and King Janakas daughter.
: He is famous for his love and devotion towards his elder brother Lord Rama. He was the son of King Dasaratha and Queen Kaikeyi. He was married to Mandavi daughter of King Janaka's brother Kushadhvaja. They had two sons, Taksha
: He was the son of King Dasaratha and Queen Sumitra. His twin brother is Lakshmana, and his half-brothers are Lord Rama and Bharata. He followed his brother Bharata all over the place. Shatrughna was married to Sita's sister Shrutakirthi.
: She was the third and youngest wife of King Dasaratha, and mother of Bharata. She is celebrated for her beauty. After she saved the life of Dasaratha in fight, he was offered to grant anything she would ask of him. She later called in this favour to crown Bharata as a king and Lord Rama sent into the forest, stirred by the worlds of her maid, Manthara.
: She was an old maid of Kaikeyi's. She was an evil woman, and gave Kaikeyi the plan to ask King Dasaratha to exile Lord Rama and crown Bharata king in its place.
: She was the second wife of Dasaratha. She is the mother of Lakshmana and Shatrughna.
: She was the first queen of King Dasaratha and the mother of Lord Rama. She had a wonderful and liberal character. In her previous birth she was born as Manushataroopa and had pleased Lord Vishnu
with her self-punishment.
: Viswamitra was a great sage
and wise man who was once a king. Through a long meditation, he achieved a number of magical powers. He took Lord Rama on a chase to beat a demon and to lift the bow of Lord Shiva.
: He was the advisor of Sugriva. He was the son of Anjana
and Kesari and he is believed to be an avatar of the supreme Lord Shiva. He is described as the monkey God. He was a guardian spirit, the offspring of a nymph and the Wind God
: Ganga is a goddess
, the daughter of Himavan. Because of her unique beauty, she was given to the Devas, and she became the Milky Way. Later, Lord Shiva brought her down to the earth
and she became the river Ganges
: He was the guru of King Dasaratha. He offered the religious advice to the king and the royal family.
: He was a great sage. He presided over the sacrifice that King Dasaratha offered in order to get a son. He is at times represented as a combination of a deer and a man.
: He was an elderly and extremely powerful sage who blessed Lord Rama. Later when Lord Rama became the king of Ayodhya, he came to Lord Rama's palace and told him secret tales about the people he met on his journeys.
: She was a beautiful woman
who was changed into a demon when she tried to seduce the sage Agastya. As a devil, she drank the blood of living creatures. In one of his first great acts, Lord Rama broke her curse by killing her.
: He was the king of the hunters, he ruled near the wilderness in Shringiberapura. He was intensely loyal to Lord Rama.
: She was the chief counsellor of King Dasaratha. He was the one who reluctantly brought Lord Rama into an exile.
: He was a demon, uncle of Lord Ravana. Lord Rama defeated him with a sanitizing magical weapon, and he left his immoral ways to become a Sage.
: She was the sister of Ravana who was a powerful demon. She tried to seduce Lord Rama and kill Sita, but Lakshmana attacked her. Then she tried to collect the demon army in opposition to Lord Rama.
: Jatayu was a powerful golden eagle who spoke in the voice of a human being. He was loyal to King Dasaratha, and requested his service to Lord Rama. He died protecting Sita from Ravana.
: The powerful mythical raptor; King of winged creatures.
: He was a demon and cousin to Ravana. He ruled the area of Janasthana, near the forest of Lord Rama's exile. He was very dominant and liked to kill sages and damage the holy customs.
: He was the fair king of the vanaras, a race of supernatural monkeys. He was seized by his elder brother Bali, and pledged his service to Lord Rama and Lakshmana if they could re-establish him to his throne.
: He was the king of Kishkindha. He was killed by Lord Rama and was the grandson of Prahlad
and a great devotee of Lord Vishnu
. He was also known as Mahabali. He imprisoned all the beautiful women
for his enjoyment. Bali was the husband of Tara
: A vanara youth, son of Bali and nephew of Sugriva. He was brave and intelligent. He helped Rama to search his wife Sita along with Sugriva and other monkeys. Sugriva sanctified Angada as the prince of Kishkindha.
: A vast golden eagle, brother of Jatayu
. His wings were burned when he flew too close to the sun.
: It was a mountain in the island of Lanka. Lord Hanuman perched the Subala Mountain, when he took a colossal spring, and by his extraordinary strength it leaped over the broad ocean.
: He was as a dedicated son who carried his blind parents on his shoulders for a pilgrimage tour. King Dasaratha went for hunting and his arrow mistakenly hit Shravan Kumar instead of hitting a deer. He died. King Dasaratha brought the jug of water
to the parents of Shravan Kumar but his parents were not ready to accept the water without hearing the voice of their son.
: He was the king of the Riksharaj (magical bears). He was a friend of Sugriva and Lord Rama. He is celebrated for his gentle wisdom and calm strength.
: She was the wife of sage Gautama
, who was turned into a stone and later became free from the curse by the touch of Lord Rama.
: He was the boatman who let Lord Rama, Lakshmana and Sita to cross the river
in his boat and washed Lord Ramas feet.
: He was Ravana's brother. He was a huge with unlimited strength. He used to sleep for six months at a time before waking up and eating everything he could see.
: He was Ravanas son, who made Lakshmana lifeless in the battlefield with his magical arrow.
: He was a son of a great builder who helped Lord Rama to build the famous bridge to Lanka.
: He was a Sanskrit
scholar and poet who created Ramacharitmanas, a version of Valmikis Ramayana in local Avadhi language
: He was the younger brother of Ravana. Though he was a demon, he was intelligent and good. When Ravana refused to listen to his advice, he joined Lord Rama's army and helped him.
: She was a devotee of Lord Rama who offered him berries.
: He was the Lankan doctor, who advised Sanjivani herbs
from Kailasa Mountain
in order to make well Lakshmana.
: He was the son of Ravana, and his most powerful soldier. He earned his name after he captured Lord Indra
, the king of the Gods.
: He was a powerful demon warrior who was a general in Ravana's army of Lanka. He reported to Ravana the arrival of Lord Rama. He is also referred as being the maternal uncle of Ravana and Kaikesi's brother.
: He was the great grandfather of Rama, king of the Ikshvaku dynasty and the ruler of Ayodhya.
: She was the wife of Ravana. She was the beautiful and religious daughter of the King of Danavas
, Mayasura and the heavenly dancer, Apsara
: Along with Kusha, Lava was one of the student to whom Valmiki
taught the Ramayana which he received from Narada
. He was one of the sons of Lord Rama. The twin brother of Lava is Kusha. Lava was the king of Sriwasti, in northern Kosala
. He was the founder of the city of Lahore, which is named after him.
: Kusha was one of the twin sons of Lord Rama and Sita. The other son is the Lava. He was born in a forest after Sita had been banished from Ayodhya. Both the twin brothers Lava and Kusha were well-read and trained in military skills.
The other characters of Ramayana are Pandu, Pauravi, Prahasta