Lingam, Lord Shiva, Hindu Mythology - Informative & researched article on Lingam, Lord Shiva, Hindu Mythology
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesIndian Religion


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
Indian Food|Indian Religion|Indian Personalities|Indian Villages|Kamasutra|Indian Costume|Indian Weddings|Astrology|Indian Jewellery|Indian Women|Indian Tribals
Home > Society > Indian Religion > Indian Mythology > Lingam
Lingam, Lord Shiva, Hindu Mythology
The Lingam is the sign used in worshipping Lord Shiva.
 
 Lingam, Lord Shiva, Hindu MythologyLingam in Sanskrit means Gender. In the Hindu mythology, Lingam is the representation of Lord Shiva. Thus it is a synonym of Shivalingam.

The Shivalingam is symbolized by a cylindrical stone rounded off at the top; and at the other end inserted in masonry or in the ground, but transfixing another horizontal and flat stone named Yoni. This emblem is placed in the open field, on the way side, and in temples, and worshipped everywhere in the world. The worship of the Lingam and Yoni marks the Shaivism. Again the worship of the Lingam alone denotes the Veerashaivism. The latter attach a further meaning to the word, indicating various heavens or Lokas in the invisible world.

Shivalingam is the most widespread symbol of Lord Shiva, found in virtually all Shiva temples. The lingam is a rounded, oval, situated on a round base, or peetham. It is the simplest and most ancient symbol of Shiva, especially of Parasiva, God beyond all forms and qualities. In lingam the peetham represents Parashakti, the evident power of God.

The Shiva Lingas are generally made of stone. They can also be of metal, valuable gems, crystal, wood, earth or transient materials like ice. As mentioned in the Karana Agama, temporary Shivalingam may be made of twelve unusual materials, like sand, rice, cooked food, river clay, cow dung, butter, rudraksha beads, ashes, sandalwood, darbha grass, a flower garland, or molasses.

In Hinduism, Shivalingam is believed to be divided into three parts. The bottom part of the lingam is four-sided and remains under ground. The center part of the lingam is eight-sided and remains on a dais. Lastly the top part of the lingam is in round form and worshipped. The height of the round part is one-third of its circumference. The three parts together represents the three Gods. The three parts are classified as, Lord Brahma being at the bottom, Lord Vishnu in the middle and Lord Shiva on the top. The dais is provided with a passage for draining away the water that is poured on top by disciples. The Shivalingam is also a sign of both the creative and destructive power of the Lord Shiva.

In Veerashaivism, Lord Shiva is divided from His Absolute form into Lingam, the Supreme Lord and Anga, the individual soul. The two form or identities are eventually reunited in undifferentiated oneness.

There are three aspects of Shivalingam. First is the Ishtalingam that is the personal form of Shiva, in which the lord fulfills his desires and removes afflictions. The second aspect is Bhavalingam, this means Shiva beyond space and time, the highest divine principle, knowable through intuition. The last is the Pranalinga, the reality of God which can be detained by the mind.

Shunyasampadane means earning eternal emptiness. The soul or the Anga merges with Shivalingam by a progressive, six-stage path called shatsthala.

The worship of Shivalingam is stated in the epics like Mahabharata and Ramayana. In Mahabharata, the great warrior Arjuna worshipped Lingam for acquiring Pashupatasthra. Ravana, king of Lanka in Ramayana worshipped Shiva to present his mother Atmalinga. Many renowned rishis and sages worshipped the simplest looking Lingam.

(Last Updated on : 08/02/2011)
More Articles in Indian Mythology  (498)
 
Manwantara  (5)
 
Urvasi  (4)
 
Nipa  (3)
 
Apsaras  (3)
 
Pururavas  (3)
 
Ansuman  (2)
 
Nagas  (2)
 
Radha  (2)
 
Prasenajit  (2)
 
Suchi  (2)
 
Divaratha  (1)
 
Lomapada  (1)
 
Siddhis  (1)
 
Raivata  (1)
 
Richa  (1)
 
Pushpavat  (1)
 
Romapada  (1)
 
Jimutaketu  (1)
 
Dyutimat  (1)
 
Krodhavasa  (1)
 
Khatwanga  (1)
 
Anaranya  (1)
 
Nisunda  (1)
 
Nikumbha  (1)
 
Sudyumna  (1)
 
Sweta  (1)
 
 
Bharga  (1)
 
Swahi  (1)
Recently Updated Articles in Indian Religion
Worship of Goddess Durga
Worship of Goddess Durga begins with the invocation ceremony and is followed by several other rituals. The worshipper also recites hymns written in the texts.
Legends of Goddess Durga
Legends of Goddess Durga state about various mythological stories that associate the deity with different gods and deities.
Nava Durga
Nava Durga has been mentioned in the Skandayamala Tantra and Devi Mahatmyam of the Markandeya Purana. The nine forms of the goddess are worshipped during the Navaratri.
Ayyavazhi
Ayyavazhi is a religious belief system that originated in the southern part of the Indian subcontinent.
Shakuntala
Shakuntala is the daughter of Rishi Vishwamitra and Apsara Menaka.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on Indian Religion
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Society
 
 
Lingam, Lord Shiva, Hindu Mythology - Informative & researched article on Lingam, Lord Shiva, Hindu Mythology
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.