Krishna River Basin - Informative & researched article on Krishna River Basin
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Home > Reference > Geography of India > Resources in India > Water Resources in India > Indian Rivers > Coastal Rivers > Krishna River > Krishna River Basin
Krishna River Basin
Krishna River basin covers nearly 8% of total geographical area of the country.
 
 Krishna Basin covers an area of 258,948 km², which is nearly 8% of total geographical area of the country. The basin covers the states of Andha Pradesh (113,271 km²), Maharashtra (69,425 km²) and Karnataka (76,252 km²).

Krishna River at MahabaleshwarKrishna river begins in the Western Ghats at an elevation of about 1337 m just north of Mahabaleshwar, about 64 km from the Arabian Sea and flows for 1400 km and outfalls into the Bay of Bengal. The principal tributaries of Krishna are the Ghataprabha, the Malaprabha, the Bhima, the Tungabhadra and the Musi.

Most of the topography of this basin is rolling and undulating except the western border, which is formed by a regular line of ranges of the Western Ghats. The significant soil categories found in the basin are black soils, laterite, red soils and lateritic soils, alluvium, mixed soils, red and black soils and saline and alkaline soils.

An average annual surface water potential of 78.1 km³ has been detected in this basin. Out of this, 58.0 km³ is utilizable water. Cultivable area in the basin is about 203,000 km², which is 10.4% of the total cultivable area of the nation.

Krishna River is one of the most important rivers of India, originating in the Western Ghats. The River Krishna, meaning "dark" (feminine) in Sanskrit, also called the Krishnaveni is one of the longest rivers of India, which is about 1300 km in length. Krishna River originates in the Western Ghats at an altitude of about 1300 above sea level in Mahabaleshwar, about passes through Sangli and conjoins the sea in the Bay of Bengal at Hamasaledevi in Andra Pradesh. It flows through the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.

A chief confluent of the Krishna River is the Tungabhadra River. The Hindus consider this river sacrosanct and there is a mention of the river in Ramayana where it is referred to as Pampa. The river flows through the states of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. The river has a catchment area of 27,574 square miles. The tributaries of the Tungabhadra are Varada River and Hagari (Vedathy) River.

Krishna River Basin MapVedavathi River rises from the Western Ghats and flows through the states of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh before merging with the Tungabhadra. The Vedavathi is also called the Hagari River in certain parts of Andhra Pradesh. Two rivers, the Veda and Avathi, arise in the eastern part of the Sahyadri Hill range, flowing towards the east, and joining near Pura to form the Vedavathi River.

The Tunga River is an important river flowing in the southern state of India, Karnataka. The river originates in the Western Ghats on a hill called Varaha Parvata. The birthplace of Tunga is called Gangamoola, which is a cave inside Varaha Parvatha. It is believed that Tunga River was born when Varaha, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu perforated the earth with his tusk.

The Bhadra River flows in Karnataka state of southern India. The Bhadra begins at the Western Ghats range, and flows east across the Deccan Plateau. Finally, the tributaries at the Somavahini, Thadabehalla and Odirayanahalla join it. The river flows across the Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary. One of the confluent of the Krishna River is the Malaprabha River, which flows through the state of Karnataka. The river originates in the Western Ghats at an elevation of 792 metres above the mean sea level. This part of the Western Ghats is located in the west of Jamboti village at a distance of sixteen kilometers in Khanapur taluk.

A major tributary of the Krishna River, the Ghataprabha River flows in state of Karnataka, India. The river originates in the Western Ghats at an elevation of 884 meters and flows in the direction of east for a distance of 283 kilometers before its merges with the Krishna River. The river basin is 8,829 square kilometers wide and stretches across Karnataka and Maharashtra states. The Hiranyakeshi River and the Markandeya River are the main tributaries of the Ghataprabha.

Rising in the Western Ghats to the east of Mumbai, the Bhima River is one of the major confluents of the Krishna River. The river rises from the Bhimashankar hills near Karjat on the western side of the Western Ghats at an altitude of about 945 m above the sea level. It is known as Sahyadri in Maharashtra. The Bhima River flows in the southeast direction for seven hundred and twenty five kilometers covering the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.

This Sina River flows through two Indian states Maharashtra and Karnataka. Ahmed Nizamshah Bahiri established Ahmednagar in 1490 A.D on the banks on Sina River. The Iron Bridge on the Sina River near the railway station is more than 100 years old. One can see Bagroja tomb dedicated to Ahmed Nizamshah & his wife, located on the banks of the Sina River.

Nira River origins at the Devghar dam and are a tributary of River Bhima. Karha River is a well-known river of South India and a tributary of Godavari River. Bhatghar River flows near Pune and across the state of Maharashtra. The Ghor River is the tributary of Bhima River and the distributary of Krishna River. Kukadi River flows across the city of Bori in the south Indian state of Maharashtra.

The Mutha River originates and flows in the western Maharashtra, India. The river arises in the Western Ghats and flows towards the east until it merges with the Mula River in the city of Pune. The Mula River is a river in India, which begins at the Mulshi Dam in Taluka Mulshi in Pune district in the Western Ghats region of the Indian state Maharashtra. In the city of Pune it converges with the Mutha River.

The Pavna river flows in the Krishna river basin, across the state of Maharashtra. Indrayani River is a rain-fed river, which originates in Lonavala, one of the hill stations located along the Mumbai-Pune Highway. The river has great religious importance and the two sacred towns Alandi and Dehu are situated on its banks. Pushpawati River originates from the glacial deposits around Rataban and Nilgiri ranges in Uttaranchal. It traverses across the Valley of Flowers dividing it into two sectors.

Andhra River is a tributary of the Pabbar River, and flows in the direction of northwest of Chirgaon in Shimla District in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. Kundali River is a significant tributary of Krishna river. It originates in the Kundali Hills of the Western Ghats in the state of Maharashtra and flows across the Upper Bhima River Basin. Panchaganga river flows through the borders of Kolhapur and the river originates from Prayag Sangam. The birthplace of this river is called Chikhlee Taluka in the district of Kolhapur.

The floods of Warna river every year cause damage to the region it flows through. The rivers namely, the four villages Aitawad Khurd. Kanegaon, Koregaon and Shigaon are the worst affected ones, along with Walwa taluka and three villages; namely the Sawalwadi, Dudhgaon and Samdoli. Yerla River is one of the tributaries of Krishna River. The Koyna River is a major tributary of Krishna River and flows across the state of Maharashtra.

(Last Updated on : 09/10/2010)
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