Kala Pani, Andaman and Nicobar Islands - Informative & researched article on Kala Pani, Andaman and Nicobar Islands
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesHistory of India

 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > History of India > Modern History of India > Cellular Jail > Kala Pani
Kala Pani, Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Elucidating the brutish life of the Indian freedom fighters, Kala Pani was the land of expatriation for the convicted.
 Kala Pani, Andaman and Nicobar IslandsThe Andamans were more recognisable as 'Kala Pani', but the exact reason for giving this infamous name to the islands is still in the dark. Some experts are of the view that the colour of seawaters of these islands was black either in itself or because of the reflection of the thick and dark black clouds, which almost always remained overcast. There are others who say that the stone of the hills surrounding the sea was black which by its reflection made the colour of the sea appear black.

Myth behind the name Kala Pani
However, numerous scholars reject this theory, and according to them the expression 'Kala Pani' has been used with reference to the Sanskrit word 'Kal', which means Time or Death. The word 'Kala Pani' thus, meant the water of death or a place of death from where only the luckiest returned." The British, immediately after the establishment of penal settlement in the Andamans in 1858, also referred these islands as existing across the 'Black Water'. Aden, an island in the Arabian Sea where Vasudeo Balwant Phadke was transported, too, was called 'Kala Pani'.

Obviously, therefore, the name 'Kala Pani' was given to these penal settlements, which were far removed from the mainland of the country by long stretch of seawaters where hardcore criminals were to be transported from the country. The jail authorities there were at liberty, rather, were instructed by the British government to treat the prisoners with extreme unkindness and from where only the luckiest could return.

Purpose of Kala Pani
'Kala Pani' or 'Black Water' virtually meant cruel and ruthless treatment to the prisoners till death. A sentence of deportation to 'Kala Pani' meant a warrant for throwing the prisoner in living hell to face heard or unheard trials and tribulations and to lead a life of a beast or even worse than that. Expatriation to 'Kala Pani' for life was worse than death penalty. The Indian revolutionaries were doomed to 'Kala Pani' to undergo these harsh punishments but they in turn immortalised these islands by their selfless sacrifices.

Although the Andaman and Nicobar Islands are among the world's most beautiful islands and neither the soil, nor the water of these islands is black, but the British government had created a situation to call these islands as 'Kala Pani' because of the inhuman barbarisms inflicted on the patriot prisoners fighting for the liberation of their motherland who were transported from the mainland and gaoled in these islands. The term "Kala Pani" is interwoven with the trials and tribulations faced by the brave political prisoners in Cellular Jail and of those freedom fighters of the first war of independence who were brought to these islands to lead a 'hell like life".

(Last Updated on : 06/12/2014)
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
More Articles in Cellular Jail  (16)
Recently Updated Articles in History of India
Princely State of Malerkotla
Princely State of Malerkotla was once the royal state in India, now the royal dynasty shifted to Pakistan.
Indian Revolutionaries
The Indian revolutionaries shot to prominence during the first half of the 20th century.
Yogadyan in Kolkata is an important religious organisation that is popular for its serene environment.
Udbodhan, popularly known as Mayer Bari, is an important branch house of the Ramakrishna Math.
Influence of Renaissance on Bengali Paintings
Influence of Renaissance on Bengal Paintings was huge and generous and it resulted in the development of highly realistic and rational linear perception of art.
Forum on History of India
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
Kala Pani, Andaman and Nicobar Islands - Informative & researched article on Kala Pani, Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.