Origin of Brahmaputra River - Informative & researched article on Origin of Brahmaputra River
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesGeography of India


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > Geography of India > Resources in India > Water Resources in India > Indian Rivers > Inland Drainage Basin > Brahmaputra River in India > Origin of Brahmaputra River
Origin of Brahmaputra River
The Brahmaputra River has its origin in southwestern Tibet.
 
 Brahmaputra River in TibetThe Brahmaputra River is one of the largest rivers in the world. The origin of Brahmaputra River is in southwestern Tibet as the Yarlung River. It flows across southern Tibet where it is known as Dihang. Then it breaks through the Himalayas in great gorge, approximately at 31°30´N and 82°0´E. Its basin covers the areas of Tibet, China, India and Bangladesh. It has a long course through the dry and flat region of southern Tibet before it breaks through the Himalayas.

The Brahmaputra is one of the largest rivers of Asia. The total length of the river is about 2900 km. The river takes birth at the Mansarover of the Himalayas, flows through Tibet, China, Burma, India and joins with River Ganges in Bangladesh. In Tibet, this river is known as Yarlung Zangbo River. The Sanskrit name for Brahmaputra is Lauhitya. The word Brahmaputra means son of Brahma and according to the Hindu mythology, it is a holy river. The biggest and the smallest river islands in the world are Majuli and Umandana are formed along this river. The river is navigable for large crafts.

The Brahmaputra enters India in the far eastern state of Arunachal Pradesh after traveling hundreds of miles over Tibet as the Tsangpo from its birthplace near the holy lake of Manasarowar. It is one of the world`s largest, on the similar scale with the Indus, Mississippi, and the Nile. The Brahmaputra is also called Tsangpo-Brahmaputra. It is a trans-boundary river.

From its origin in southwestern Tibet as the Yarlung Tsangpo River, it flows across southern Tibet to penetrate through the Himalayas in great gorges and into Arunachal Pradesh where it is known as Dihang. The Brahmaputra River flows southwest through the Assam Valley as Brahmaputra and south through Bangladesh as the Jamuna. There it converges with the Ganga to form a vast delta. About 1,800 mi or 2,900 km long, this river is an essential source for irrigation and transportation. Its upper course was unknown for a long time, and its identity with the Yarlung Tsangpo was only recognized by exploration in 1884-86.

In Bangladesh the river merges with the Ganga and divides into two the Hugli and Padma River. When it merges with the Ganges, it forms the world`s largest delta at the Sunderbans. The Sunderbans is best known for Tigers and mangrooves. While most Indian and Bangladeshi rivers have female names, this river has a typical and rare male name, as the term "Brahmaputra" means "son of Brahma" in Sanskrit, putra means "son".

The Brahmaputra is navigable along most of the river length. The lower reaches are sacred to Hindus. The river is prone to catastrophic flooding in spring when the Himalayan snows melt. It is also one of the few rivers in the world that exhibit a tidal influence.

(Last Updated on : 20/01/2009)
More Articles in Brahmaputra River in India  (16)
Recently Updated Articles in Geography of India
Haathi Parvat
Haathi Parvat or Elephant Peak is a mountain in the Garhwal Himalayas, Uttarakhand. There are two huge rocks on the mountain known as Kaaka and Garuda.
Changabang Peak
Changabang is a granite mountain peak, which is a part of the Himalaya in the Garhwal division.
Kapilash Peak
Kapilash Peak is one of the Indian mountain peaks, located in Dhenkanal district of Odhisa.
Rajrambha Peak
Rajrambha Peak is a part of the Himalayan mountain ranges, which lie in the Kumaon region.
Shamirpet Lake
Shamirpet Lake in Hyderabad one of the prime tourist attraction spot, allures both local and migratory birds.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on Geography of India
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
 
 
Origin of Brahmaputra River - Informative & researched article on Origin of Brahmaputra River
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.