History of Tamil Nadu - Informative & researched article on History of Tamil Nadu
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesStates of India

 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
States of India|Indian Cities|Beaches of India|Hill Stations in India|Forests in India
Home > Travel > States of India > Tamil Nadu > History of Tamil Nadu
History of Tamil Nadu
History of Tamil Nadu reveals that this ancient place in South India was ruled by various kingdoms like the Pandyas Dynasty, Cholas Dynasty, Nayakas Dynasty and Pallavas Dynasty.
More on History of Tamil Nadu (9 Articles)
 History of Tamil NaduTamil Nadu is considered to be very much older than North India. As per the geological time scales North India and the Himalayan ranges appeared on the globe recently. Tamil Nadu is said to exist as part of the continent that linked Africa and Australia together even before that. It was called 'Lemuria' or 'Kumarik Kandam'.

Origination of Tamil Nadu
It is believed that the first man originated somewhere in this continent and later the race might have migrated to various parts of the world. The Tamils or the Dravidians are therefore regarded to be one of the earliest races of the world. Several prehistoric tools and weapons and burial sites have been discovered in various parts of Tamil Nadu.

Tamil Nadu in Sangam Era
Sangam age in Tamil Nadu is considered to be the earliest known period of Tamil history, when organised life and history of the inhabitants existed. But still there is confusion regarding the exact date. It is sometimes considered to be pre-Aryan, non-Aryan and probably goes back to 4000 B.C. The first, second and third Sangams flourished during this period and the Tamil poets of these 'Sangams' or Academies produced numerous literary works. Only a few anthologies are now available in printed form although most of them have been lost. Various historical elements like the everyday life of the people of those times and also their culture, polity and social set-up are revealed from these works. Three kingdoms named the Pandyas, Cheras and Cholas ruled Tamil Nadu. Earlier, Chera kingdom is now the modern Kerala state. The Pandyas ruled the south and the Cholas the north of Tamil Nadu. The Sangam Age is considered to be the Golden Age of Tamils.

Post Sangam Era in Tamil Nadu
During Post Sangam period, the Tamil country was dominated by an alien race called the 'Kalabras', which is considered to be a dark period for the region. At this time, the Tamil region became full of chaos and confusion and as a result instability arouse. The historians could not provide much evidence of this period.

History of Tamil NaduPallavas in Tamil Nadu
After this period, the Pallavas came into rule the Tamil country and they reigned for over two centuries from 600 AD to 800 AD. Even though they were also of foreign origin yet during their rule stability was retained, peace prevailed and a lot of constructive works were done. The Pallavas made Kanchipuram their headquarters and started offering patronage to art, architecture and literature experts. The Pallavas also first started in the history of Tamil Nadu building rock temples. It was a break through in the construction of temples, which were till then, built with wood, bricks and mud. Even today, these rock-cut temples can be seen in their spotless beauty in various places. The Pallava period extended Buddhism, Jainism, Vaishnavism and Saivism and then came Islam and Christianity. In this way, a secular seed of tolerance was sown in Tamil Nadu and places of worships of all of them flourished. Nowadays, one can find monuments and temples of all sorts throughout Tamil Nadu.

Cholas of Tamil Nadu
The Cholas came into rule after the Pallava period. They ruled the Tamil country from 9th century A.D. to 13th century A.D. A clean administration was provided by them and people were also free from worries. The Cholas were great conquerors and builders of great temples. During the Chola reign, art, architecture, literature and spiritualism flourished widely. The specialty of this period was the art of metal casting and bronze icons. The most remarkable product of the Chola period was the icon of the cosmic dancer 'Nataraja', the presiding deity of Chidambaram Temple.

Pandyas in Tamil Nadu
In the early 14th century, the Pandyas removed the Cholas from power of Tamil Nadu for a brief period. The Khiljis invaded the south and the Pandya capital was sacked during this period, and a sultanate was formed which was destroyed by the rise of the Hindu Vijayanagar Empire. The Vijayanagar Empire helped to preserve temples and deities from being razed by the iconoclastic rage of the Mohammedans. They prevented the spread of the Muslim rule south of Tungabadra river. Their governors also renovated most of the temples damaged by the earlier Muslim invaders.History of Tamil Nadu

Vijaynagar Empire in Tamil Nadu
The 'Raja Gopuram' or the tall temple towers at the threshold of the temples of Tamil Nadu were the main characteristic feature of the Vijayanagar temples. The contribution of the Vijayanagar Empire in the history of Tamil Nadu is very significant. Their role to temple architecture was substantial and a valuable addition to those already done by the Pallavas, Cholas and the Pandyas. After the fall of the Vijayanagar Empire, the Nayakas continued to rule for a long period. The Tamil Nadu had seen the impact of the rise of the Marathas, who ruled for a brief period in Thanjavur and its neighbourhood.

Medieval era of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu came under the Muslim rule of the Nawabs of Arcot . But, then the Europeans tried to establish their supremacy in Tamil Nadu and the British Empire was founded. They established the first presidency at Madras in Tamil Nadu. India became independent on 15th August 1947 and the British rule was ended in Tamil Nadu also.

(Last Updated on : 03/09/2015)
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
More Articles in Tamil Nadu  (212)
Recently Updated Articles in States of India
Chamba is a small town situated in the state of Uttarakhand, and perfectly placed at the junction of roads leading from Rishikesh, Mussoorie, Tehri Dam Lake and New Tehri.
Red Hills Lake
Red Hills Lake located in Tamil Nadu is a rain fed reservoir. The lake also known as Puzhal Lake has a full capacity of 3,300 million ft³.
Maenam Hill
Maenam Hill located near to Ravangla town in Sikkim is a famous tourist spot. One can enjoy the breathtaking view of the Kanchenjunga Peak and waterfalls.
Religion of Odisha
Religion of Odisha is varied. There is seen the presence of diverse religious forces in the state.
Forum on States of India
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Travel
History of Tamil Nadu - Informative & researched article on History of Tamil Nadu
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.