Engineering Industry in India - Informative & researched article on Engineering Industry in India
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesGeography of India


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > Geography of India > Indian Industries > Engineering Industry in India
Engineering Industry in India
Engineering Industries hold a significant position in Indian markets. Reasonably vast ranges of engineering goods are produced in India targeted for both national and international markets.
 
 Engineering Industry in IndiaEngineering industries are some of the most important industries of India after Cotton Textiles and Iron and Steel Industry. India has taken a considerable leap in the manufacture of a variety of machinery and equipment since the independence of the country. Engineering industries produces the basic raw materials like foundry-grade iron special steels and alloys for further fabrication into a wide range of machine tools, equipment and machinery. Like for instance, special alloy steels for forging industry are made at Kolkata, Durgapur and Bhadravati. Interestingly, most of the engineering goods, industrial equipment and machinery are being manufactured in India in collaboration with reputed foreign firms and consortiums.

At a certain point India was wholly dependent on other countries for all kinds of refined goods. Then the country started manufacturing articles in its own land. Even for this India had to import the total machinery from overseas. But now, the situation has altered extensively. The country now manufactures the entire machinery for textile, sugar, paper, tea, cement, mining and petrochemical plants. The heavy engineering plant at Ranchi has been designing and manufacturing enormous machines required for iron and steel industry. Reasonably vast ranges of engineering goods are produced not only for domestic but for international market also. The industry earns the hard-needed foreign exchange. Hindustan Machine Tools (HMT) produces an extensive variety of machines and precision tools, preserving extremely lofty international standards. It has umpteen production centres in the country. In light engineering, the country tops the developing world. It has set up `Industrial Estates` in several Afro-Asian countries too.

Goods manufactured by the engineering industries of India are exported by other countries. The major production of this industry includes machine tools that form the basis for the manufacture of industrial machinery, automobiles, defence equipment, railway engines and electrical machinery. In India, the modern machine tool manufacturing factories started after independence. First large scale modern industry was established by the Government of India at Bengaluru. However, to some extent, India is not yet self sufficient in machine tools. Bengaluru is the leading machine tools manufacturing centres in the country followed by other centres like Kolkata, Mumbai, Ludhiana and Ranchi.

Heavy plates and vessel equipment are manufactured at Vishakhapatnam. Heavy plates are used in the construction of distillation columns, tanks and various other types of vessels. The general mechanical engineering industries include the production of diesel engines, pumps, nuts, bolts, nails, razor blades, bicycles, lifts, metallic capsules, sewing machines, razor blades, etc. It also comprises the manufacture of industrial machinery and heavy electrical equipment. Further, manufacturing of transformers, switchgear and motor control gear equipment, household electrical machines and appliances, winding wires, cables, electric motors and more is a part of the engineering industries.

(Last Updated on : 20/09/2014)
More Articles in Indian Industries  (18)
Recently Updated Articles in Geography of India
Abi Gamin
Situated in the district of Chamoli in Utarakhand, Abu Gamin peak is located at a height of 7,355 metres (24,131 feet).
Balakun Peak
The Balakun of Uttarakhand is one of the beautiful snow clad Himalayan peaks in India.
Chitrakuta Hill
Chitrakuta hill is defined as an isolated hill situated on a river called the Pisani. It means the Hill of many wonders.
Kumara Hills
Kumara hills are situated on the boundary line between the Dakshina Kannada district and the Kodagu district. The hills are often referred to as a trekker`s paradise.
Veeramala Hills
Veeramala hills located in Cheruvathur in Kasargod district of Kerala is an ideal place for picnic.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on Geography of India
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
 
 
Engineering Industry in India - Informative & researched article on Engineering Industry in India
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.