Second Battle of Tarain - Informative & researched article on Second Battle of Tarain
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesHistory of India

 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > History of India > Medieval History of India > Chauhan Dynasty > Prithviraj Chauhan > Second Battle of Tarain
Second Battle of Tarain
The second battle of Tarain was the succession of first battle where Prithwiraj Chauhan was defeated by Muhammad Ghori.
 The Second Battle of Tarain, also known as the Second Battle of Taraori held between Prithwiraj Chauhan and Muhammad Ghori at the same site of Tarain on 1192 where the first battle of Tarain took place one year ago. Tarain is near Thaneswar in present day Haryana, approximately hundred and fifty kilometers north to Delhi.

Muhammad of Ghor lost the first battle of Tarain to Prithwiraj Chauhan and was imprisoned in the battle. Prithwiraj`s vassal Govind Raja wounded Muhammad in the battle. However, he managed to beg for mercy and release and Prithwiraj released him. Muhammad attacked Prithwiraj at the same site in the very next year.

In 1192, Muhammad Ghori returned with a larger army and met again Prithwiraj`s army at Tarain. This time the force of Prithwiraj was also larger and it included many Rajput forces from Northern India. Muhammad Ghori delivered an ultimatum to prithwiraj Chauhan that either he changed his religion to Muslim or be prepared to be defeated by Muhammad Ghori. Prithwiraj Chauhan in reply offered him a cease-fire to consider a retreat with his army.

Muhammad Ghori adopted a tactic and replied Prithwiraj with a letter indicating the acceptance of the truce. The Rajput army believed it and they started celebrating with their guards in a relaxed and casual mood. In the mean time Ghori`s army attacked Prithwiraj`s army in the very early hours of morning, as they were unprepared for the battle. However the Rajput army could raise a protection against Muslim army and they retreated. Muhammad`s army sent waves of mounted archers to attack the Rajput forces but had to set back as Prithwiraj`s elephant force advanced. At dusk Muhammad Ghori was able to achieve the victory as he charged the center of Rajput defense with a heavily armored horsemen and made them confused.

About hundred thousand Rajput soldiers are said to have died in the battle. Prithwiraj was imprisoned and was taken to Ghazni. The second battle of Tarain is believed to be most decisive battle in the Indian History as it opened the path for conquerors of India. Muhammad and his successors were able to conquest over the Rajputs and established an Islamic Empire in India, the Sultanate of Delhi.

(Last Updated on : 31/01/2009)
More Articles in Prithviraj Chauhan  (3)
Recently Updated Articles in History of India
Deuli Hill
Deuli hills, located in Odisha, houses several ancient rock-cut Buddhist chambers where Buddhist monks used to dwell, especially during rainy season.
Puphagiri, situated in Odisha, has been identified as one of the oldest Buddhist establishments of the world. The annual celebration of Buddha Mahotsava in Puphagiri makes the place further inviting for tourists.
Sutaphaa was an ancient king of the Ahom kingdom, who was treacherously murdered by a Sutiya king.
Archaeological Sites in Kutch
Archaeological Site in Kutch District means Dholavira. The existence of a new archaeological site, expected to be older than Dholavira by over 15,000 years, near Maruda Takkar hill has been confirmed following research carried out by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
Balathal, Rajasthan is an interesting archaeological site from where artefacts of Chalcolithic Age and Early Historic Period including various pottery products and ancient skeletal remains have been unearthed.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum on History of India
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
Second Battle of Tarain - Informative & researched article on Second Battle of Tarain
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.