(Last Updated on : 06/12/2012)
Culture of Andaman and Nicobar Islands is famous through out India and also the world. The indigenous tribes of these islands are distinguished in two groups: The Onge, Sentinelese Tribe
, Jarawa and Andamanese Tribe
of Negroid descent living on the Andaman Islands and The Shompen
and Nicobarese of Mongoloid descent living in the Nicobar Islands.
Most of the tribes are on the verge of extinction. Outsiders attempting to make contact with them are driven away with bows and arrows. They continue to maintain a unique lifestyle living in harmony with nature. Andaman and Nicobar Islands
have a unique culture, where is a blended harmony of different religions, languages and ethnic groups.
Island Tourism Festival
: The Island Tourism Festival is celebrated every year from the month of December to January. It is a fortnight long festival. People staying all over the islands attend the exhibition organized during the festival. Cultural troupes and artistes of national and international fame are invited to perform during the festival apart from performances by the talents of these islands including tribal people of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Water sports as the Nicobari Hodi race are organized. Other attractions are Magic show, Puppet show, Floating restaurant, Baby show and Dog show.
The Dress Patterns
: Till recently the aboriginal tribes of these islands did not wear clothes. The Sentinelese tribes go naked even now. The Jarawas use only decorative items as necklaces made of shell and barks of trees, arm bands, waste bands etc. The Shompens use clothes only below their waist. The people of the Car Nicobar islanders now wear modern clothes and abandoned their traditional dresses like coconut leaf petticoats and the like. The Onges remained naked for centuries but now wear have adapted them to the dress code of the mainland.
There are Hindus, Muslims, Christians, and Sikhs in the Island. Inter-religion and inter-regional marriages are common. The first church was opened at Katchalwas on 8th January 1962. Now there are many big beautiful churches as well as Hindu temples present on the island. However, influences of Christianity
have affected indigenous traditions, worship systems and belief.
The number of speakers of the Andamanese language has been steadily decreasing. Anadamanese dialects are usually classified into northern, central and southern groups. Of these the southern dialects are usually classified into northern, central and southern groups. Of these the southern Andamanese language is the most archaic. The dialect of little Andaman Island is the southernmost of the Andamanese grammar is the use of affixes to specify the functions of the words of a sentence. The language has no number system; the two number words in the language mean "one" and "more than one".