(Last Updated on : 03/02/2017)
The different properties of the meat of various animals
are described by Sanskrit writers
in great detail. The flesh of the goat, domestic fowl, peacock
is said to be easily digested and suited to the sick and convalescent. The meat of the deer
, sambar, hare, quail
and partridge is recommended for habitual use. Fish, beef and pork are considered hard to digest and unsuited for daily use.
In describing the properties of the flesh of various animals, Sanskrit writers divide them into 2 classes, namely Jangala
or land, and Anupa
or water animals.
Animals living on land are sub-divided into 8 orders as follows Jangala
, or animals living in the wilderness as deers, antelopes, etc.
Vilastha or animals living in holes under ground, as serpents, lizards, porcupines, etc.
Guhasaya or animals living in caverns, as tigers, lions, bears, etc.
Parnamriga or animals living on trees, as monkeys, squirrels, etc.
Vishkira or birds which take their food after tearing or scattering it, as peacocks, quails, partridges, etc.
Pratuda or birds which strike with their beaks, as pigeons, wag-tails, cuckoos, etc.
Prasaha or birds of prey, as the hawk, falcon, etc.
Gramya or domestic animals, as ox, goat, horse, sheep, etc.
Animals living in water or marshy lands are sub-divided into 5 classes as follows:
Kulechara or animals grazing in marshes, as buffalos, yak, rhinoceros, etc.
Plava or birds which swim in water, as geese, ducks, cranes, etc.
Kosastha or animals enclosed in shells, as conch-shells, bivalve-shells, etc.
Padina or footed aquatic animals as tortoise, crocodile, porpoise, etc.
Matsya or fishes.
Dose of Animal Flesh in Medicine
The flesh of various animals is used in medicine chiefly in the form of ghrita
. The following is a list of the more important and commonly used ghritas and oils made with the flesh of different animals.
is prepared with the flesh of geese, and used in cephalalgia and nervous diseases
is prepared with the flesh of fowls, and used in chronic cough
is prepared with jackals flesh and used in insanity
is prepared with goat's meat and used in nervous diseases.
is an oil prepared with the flesh of snails
and used externally in ear diseases
is prepared with the flesh of the mongoose
and used in nervous diseases.
: Take goats meat 6 seers and a quarter, dasamula 6 seers and a quarter in all, water 64 seers; boil till the latter is reduced to one-fourth and strain. Take clarified butter
and the juice of Asparagus racemosus
) 4 seers each; and the following substances in the form of a paste, namely; Tinospora cordifolia
-manna, Withania somnifera
), Hemidesmus Indicus
(sariva), berries called kakoli
, bulbs called kshirakakoli
, pulse of Phaseolm trilobus
(mugani) and of Glycine debilis
(mashani), Ccelogyne ovalis
(jivanti) and liquorice
root, 1 seer in all; boil them together and prepare a ghrita. This preparation is given in facial paralysis, deafness, loss of voice or indistinct speech, convulsions, hysteria
and other diseases of the nervous system.
: Take goats meat 8 seers, water 64 seers; boil together till the latter is reduced to 16 seers. Take the pulse of Phaseolus Roxburghii
(masha), linseed, barley root of Barleria Prionites
(kurantaka), Solanum Jacquinii
), Tribulus terrestris
), bark of Calosanthes Indica
root, seeds of Mucuna pruriens
(kapikvachchhu), each 1 seer, water 64 seers; boil down to 16 seers. Take cotton
seeds, seeds of Crotolaria juncea
(sana), pulse of Dolichos unifiorus
(kulattha), dried pulp of Ziziphus Jujuba
(kola), each 2 seers, water 64 seers; boil down to 16 seers. Take ginger
, long pepper
, dill seeds, root of Ricinus communis
(eranda), of Boerhaavia diffusa
), Paederia Foetida
), Vanda Roxburghii
(rasna), Sida cordifolia
(berela), Tinospora cordifolia
) and Picrorrhiza Kurroa
) equal parts; in all one seer, and reduce them to a paste. Boil the above mentioned decoctions and the paste with 4 seers of sesamum oil in the usual way. This oil is rubbed externally in convulsions, paralysis, wasting of limbs and other diseases of the nervous system.