(Last Updated on : 11-08-2012)
The Princely State of Vasurna, also known as Wasurna, was amongst the former native states of India that was appointed as one of the Indian princely states during the early 19th century. The princely state was under the indirect control of the British Empire in India
. The territory covered a total area of 132.14 sq miles and comprised of a total population of 8,502 in the year 1941. In the year 1888, after the final settlement of the final status of the Dangs, the native state of Vasurna consisted of around 78 villages that were located in the territory of the Dangs. The princely state was one of the significant regions amongst the Dangs states. The former state was bordered by the princely state of Pimpri in the northwest; by the princely state of Amala in the northeast and east; by the princely state of Surgana
in the south; and by the princely state of Bansda
in the west.
History of Princely State of Vasurna
The native ruler of the princely state of Vasurna held the title of Raja. The native ruler of the former native state was a Bhil. The Bhil tribe
was aborigines who settled in the northern Ghats and eastern branches of the range, on the region that detached Malwa from Gujarat
, and also in the east of Gujarat. The ruling family was badly treated by the Maratha Empire
and was also defeated by the Mughal forces. The Bhils were the politically prevailing tribe in the Dangs region during rule of the British Empire in India
. They were formally classified as a Hindu primitive caste. The succession of the royal throne of the princely state of Vasurna was governed by the rule of male primogeniture by which the first born or eldest child of the same parents the first born or eldest child of the same parents, to the exclusion of all others. The ruling chiefs of the state did not take the charge of administration of the territory due their lack of education.
Administration of Princely State of Vasurna
The Princely State of Vasurna or Wasurna was under the administrative control of the Baroda Agency, which was a sub division of Western India States Agency
. Later the state became a part of the modern state of Gujarat, India. The rulers were mainly indigenous natives and due to their backwardness in education, jurisdictional powers were exercised by the Resident of British India
, also known as Political Agent, on their behalf. In the year 1843, the native rulers of the princely states of Amala, Vasurna, Pimpri, Gadvi, Dherbhavata, Chinchli and Avchar entered into lease agreements with the British administration for the forests in the Dangs. The leases were considered as alliances by the native chiefs that asserted their political authority. But the British authorities regarded the leases as contracts which provided them direct control over the forest areas.
The Rajas of Vasurna state retained specific revenue rights over their own regions and certain customary rights of settling disputes. The native rulers and the headmen of the villages, who held the title of Patels, were around 300 and 400. They met the British resident 3 or 4 times annually; but in his absence, the ruling chiefs met with the Civil Administrator in Darbar. The claims of Baroda to economic rights in the Dangs were transformed into a fixed annual payment. All the rulers received a pension from the British Government of India
Accession of Princely State of Vasurna
After the political withdrawal of the British government and the Partition of India
on 15th August 1947, the erstwhile native state of Vasurna was acceded to the newly independent Union of India
, also known as the Dominion of India by the last native ruler of the state.