(Last Updated on : 23/07/2012)
The Princely State of Myriaw was an erstwhile non-salute native state of India which was under the indirect rule of the British Government of India
. The state was one of the leading polities in the Khasi Kingdom
. The region was managed by native rulers under the supervision of the British authorities. The state covered a total area of 283 sq miles and comprised of a total population of 3,799 in the year 1941. The princely state of Myriaw was incorporated as a part of the states of Khasi kingdom in Meghalaya
, located in northeastern India, south of Bhutan, which was under the rule of the British Province of Assam
. It included around 23 villages and 7 villages out them were in dispute with the state of Rembrai.
Location of Princely State of Myriaw
The territory of Myriaw lied towards the central region of the Western Khasi States. The native state was bounded by the princely state of Rembrai in the north; by the taluka of Nongkhlaw in the east; by the princely state of Mawrang in the south; and by the terriotyr of Nongstoin in the west. The state of Myriaw was under the administrative control of the States of Assam Agency.
History of Princely State of Myriaw
The princely state of Myriaw did not possess any traditional history until the signing of an agreement with the British East India Company
in the year 1829. The native ruler of the princely state held the title of Syiem. There were 2 major branches of the ruling family of the Syiem, namely the Black Syiems and the White Syiems. During the 19th century, members of both the families were elected rulers and asserted the right to alternate in the rulership among the 2 branches.
The native ruler or Syiem of Myriaw was succeeded by his eldest brother, failing which, by the ruler's eldest nephews, grand nephews, or first cousins, in that particular order, but at all times in the female line. As a result of the failing male heirs, the native ruler was succeeded by the eldest of the previous ruler's sisters, nieces, female first cousins, grand nieces and distant female cousins, in that order and always in the female line. A female syiem was succeeded by her eldest son, nephew and so on, in the stated order. In case a female Syiem does not rule the princely state, her husband and the husbands of other females in the ruling family were permitted to administer the state with the support of the State Darbar. The husbands held the style of Kongors. However this system did not provide total claim to succession, as the heirs might have been disqualified from the succession by the electoral college due to several reasons under Khasi custom and religion. Around 27 noted individuals, including the sirdars of the 23 villages and 4 Lyngdohs, who represented several clans elected the Syiem of the princely state of Mylliem.
Accession of Princely State of Myriaw
After the departure of the British Government of India
and the Partition of India
in the year 1947, the erstwhile princely state of Myriaw was acceded to the newly independent Union of India
, which also known as the Dominion of India, by the Syiem of Myriaw state. At present the territory is located in Meghalaya.