History of Liberal Party of India
The members of the Liberal Party of India were originally members of the Indian National Congress Party that was founded to establish reasonable political dialogue with the British administration. But eventually the liberal members left the Indian National Congress with the rise of Indian nationalism and various eminent leaders such as Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal and Lala Lajpat Rai. The Liberal Party was founded in the year 1910 and generally British officials and other British intellectuals participated as the members of the committees of the party. The most important leaders of the party were Sir Tej Bahadur Sapru, M. R. Jayakar and V. S. Srinivasa Sastri.
Activities of Liberal Party of India
The Liberal Party of India opposed the policies of Mahatma Gandhi and the various movements conducted by him like the Non-Cooperation Movement (1919 to 1922), the Salt Satyagraha (1930 to 1931), and the Quit India Movement (1942 to 1945). The liberal members of the party also participated in the legislative assemblies and councils at the municipality, provincial and central levels. Until the formation of the Government of India Act 1935, most of the Indians and the Indian National Congress rejected the councils and barely voted. The provincial and central legislatures were considered as rubber stamps of the Viceroy of India. These were piled with un-elected British officers, pro-British native princes and members of religious minorities who were represented beyond rational proportions. Until the legislation in 1935, only a few seats were up for election.
Decline of Liberal Party of India
The Liberal Party of India failed to gain popularity with the general population of India. It was also widely distrusted by Indian nationalists. After the withdrawal of the British Government of India and the Indian Independence in the year 1947, the Liberal Party of India disappeared from existence.