History of the Princely State of Pethapur
The Waghela Rajputs were the ruling family of the princely state of Pethapur. They were descendants of a branch of the Waghela monarchs of Anhilvada Patan. One of the sons of the last Raja of Patan, Sarangdev or Simamshi, was granted the region of Kalol and the adjacent villages as an estate. Himaloji, also known as Hemtaji, who descended from Sarangdev in the 10th generation, killed his maternal uncle, named Pethaji, of the Gohil tribe in 1445. Himaloji seized control of the territory and named the region as Pethapur, after his uncle.
The native rulers of the princely state of Pethapur, who held the title of Thakor, exercised restricted civil and criminal jurisdiction. After the initiation of the railroad and development of other trade routes, Pethapur suffered to a great extent with loss of business as it was a busy mercantile center during the 19th century. The state was unable to recover the loss and remained indebted. The territory came under Agency management and later in the year 1940, the state was attached to the princely state of Baroda, under the Attachment Scheme of 1943. The Thakor of Pethapur was ranked in the 4th Class of Mahi Kantha states, before the class system was abolished in the year 1928.
The last native ruler of the princely state of Pethapur acceded the territory to the newly independent Union of India after the political withdrawal of the British Government of India from the country on 15th August 1947. After the country was divided between India and Pakistan, the native rulers of the states were given the choice of acceding to either the Dominion of India or the Dominion of Pakistan. The monarch of the state decided to merge with the Republic of India.