History of Princely State of Nobosohphoh
The princely state of Nobosohphoh, like other States in the Khasi Kingdom, was established when villages merged together for mutual protection against the adjacent territories. The native ruler held the title of Syiem. There were 2 major branches of the ruling family of the Syiem, namely the Black Syiems and the White Syiems. During the 19th century, members of both the families were elected rulers and the branch of the White Syiem family asserted the right to alternate in the rulership with the Black Syiem branch. The system of rulership was diarchic, with two state headquarters located at Marngor and Rangblang and the accession alternated between the 2 branches of Syiems.
The native ruler or Syiem of Nobosohphoh was succeeded by his eldest brother, failing which, by the ruler's eldest nephews, grand nephews, or cousins, in no particular order, but at all times in the female line. As a result of the failing male heirs, the native ruler was succeeded by the eldest of the previous ruler's sisters, nieces, female first cousins, grand nieces and distant female cousins, in that order and always in the female line. A female system was succeeded by her eldest son, nephew and so on, in the stated order. Although this system did not provide total claim to succession, as the heirs might have been disqualified from the succession due to several reasons under Khasi custom and religion.
In case a female heir was elected as the Syiem of the princely state, she was permitted to administer the state with the support of a male Syiem, who held the title and style of Kongor, and the State Darbar. The state of Nobosohphoh was so remote that the territory was not recognized as a separate state until the year 1853.
Accession of Princely State of Nobosohphoh
After the Partition of India and the departure of the British Government of India in the year 1947, the state was acceded to the newly independent Union of India, which also known as the Dominion of India, by the Syiem of Nobosohphoh state. At present the territory is located in Meghalaya.
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