(Last Updated on : 30-06-2012)
The Princely State of Jakhan, also known as Jankhan, was one of the well known native states of India that was managed and supervised by a native prince under the guidance of the British authorities. The princely state was under the indirect control of the British Empire in India
. The state was scattered over a total area of 3 sq mile and comprised of a total population of 498 in the year 1931. The taluka of Jakhan was situated in the Bhoika Thana and the territory consisted of only a single village of the same name. The village was almost 5 miles towards the east from the town of Limbdi. The territory was situated on a single block of land that was bordered by the princely state of Bhoika in the north; by the state of Talsana in the northeast; by Khamblav in the southeast; and by the territory of Bhalgamda in the west.
Bhoika Thana was a corridor of minor estates which detached the princely state of Limbdi to the east from the princely states of Chuda and Wadhwan to the west. The area was bordered by the British district of Ahmedabad
in the south. Almost all of the 18 estates in the region, excluding only one estate, were offshoots of Limbdi state. In 1935, the region was merged with the District Thana of Wadhwan in order to form the new territory of Wadhwan Bhoika Thana, for convenience purposes. The new territory included around 35 estates, which covered a total area of 347 sq miles and comprising a total population of 38,719 in the year 1931.
The Princely State of Jakhan or Jankhan was a vital part of the former Baroda Agency, which in turn was a under the administrative control of the Western India States Agency
. Eventually the territory was incorporated as a part of the Indian state of Gujarat
. The state was also a part of the Eastern Kathiawar Agency
and the territory of Bhoika Thana.
History of Princely State of Jakhan
The princely state of Jakhan was claimed by more than one native prince, who were formally addressed as shareholders. There are 2 such shareholders, including bhagdars and talukdars, in the state of Jakhan. The Jhala Rajputs
, bhayats of Limbdi, were the shareholders the territory. Jakhan state was a non- jurisdictionary native state. The estateholders of the region were primarily individuals of substance, well educated and were much aware of the political conditions prevailing in the country, unlike the shareholders in other Kathiawar Thanas. The Princely State of Jakhan paid annual tribute to the princely state of Junagadh
. The territory was attached to the princely state of Limbdi
under the Attachment Scheme of 1943. It was amongst of the 29 units that were attached in the first stage of the scheme which followed the lead of Ghodasar and Bhadwa in declining to recognize the power and authority of the attaching of princely states.
After the withdrawal of the British administration from political supremacy and the partition of India
in the year 1947, the former princely state of Jakhan was acceded to the newly formed and independent Dominion of India, which was also known as Union of India