Early Life of Bhupendranath Datta
Bhupendranath Datta was born in the year 1880 and was the younger brother of Narendranath Datta, also known as Swami Vivekananda, who was one of the most influential spiritual leaders of the philosophies of Vedanta and Yoga and a major figure in the history of Hinduism and India. During his early years, Dr. Bhupendranath Datta was closely associated with the Jugantar revolutionary movement, which was considered as one of the leading terrorist groups in colonial Bengal whose ideology primarily focused on the revolutionary activities to attain independence from the British dominion.
Revolutionary Activities of Bhupendranath Datta
He served as the editor of Jugantar Patrika, a Bengali revolutionary newspaper founded in Calcutta in the year 1906. The newspaper was established by Bhupendranath Datta, Abhinash Bhattacharya and Barindra Kumar Ghose. It was a political weekly that was started on March 1906 and served as the propaganda organ for Anushilan Samiti, a budding revolutionary organisation that was developing in Bengal during that era. Anushilan Samiti was an anti-British organisation in Bengal that concentrated in armed revolution. Anushilan Samiti, which meant self-culture association, aimed to follow the teachings of Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay. Anushilan Samiti was the major secret revolutionary organisation that operated in the territory during the initial years of the 20th century. The Samiti operated under the appearance of suburban fitness club. The name of the revolutionary group Jugantar, which was the Western Bengal wing of the Anushilan Samiti, was derived from the journal Jugantar Patrika.
Dr. Bhupendranath Datta served as the editor of the newspaper until he was detained and imprisoned by the British Indian Police in the year 1907. He became privy to the Indo-German Conspiracy in his later revolutionary career. Dr. Bhupendranath Datta died in the year 1961.