(Last Updated on : 21/05/2012)
The Agra Province was one of the earlier provinces of British India which was under the direct rule of the British Empire in India
. The province was incorporated as a part of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh
. The official name of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh was shortened to United Provinces by the Government of India Act 1935
. United Provinces also became one of the provinces of independent India till the year 1950. The territory of Agra Province existed from the year 1904 until the Indian independence in 1947. Under Section 4(4) of United Provinces Act 1, 1904, the Agra Province corresponded approximately to the erstwhile territories, Ceded and Conquered Provinces (1805- 1836) and the North Western Provinces (1836- 1902).
The new province of Agra indicated new liability and more expenditure for the British East India Company
. Moreover the operations and the functions of the new local government were rather small and minute; and were not of much significance. The Governor of the Agra Province had to depend on the Governor General for each and every important issue. Later the newly formed Agra presidency was reduced to a Lieutenant Governorship. It was decided that the authority of the British Crown was not necessary as the British Parliament had authorised the Governor General to appoint a Lieutenant Governor himself. The Governor General was to select the Lieutenant Governor from the highest officers of the British East India Company. Eventually with the alteration of the Presidency of Agra
into the North Western Provinces transformed the entire political facet of the situation.
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