(Last Updated on : 01-06-2017)
Tirunelveli is the head quarter of the Tirunelveli district
of Tamil Nadu
. Tirunelveli was considered as one of the oldest city
in Indian continent around 3,000 years old.
Location of Tirunelveli
Tirunelveli is located at about 700 km southwest of Chennai
. It is around 58 km away from Thoothukudi
. This city of historical significance is positioned on the western part of the Thamirabarani River.
History of Tirunelveli
version goes that one Vedasrama, a staunch devotee of Lord Shiva, on his pilgrimage
from the northern part of universe to the southern part, was invited by Mahadeva
in his dream to his abode in the banks of the sacred river Tamiraparani
. The delighted devotee came to Sindupoondhurai on the banks of the river
and stayed with his family. Once there was a famine, which forced Vedasarma to collect paddy by the way of begging. One day Vedasarma, spread out the paddy to dry under the Sun
before the Lord Shiva. While bathing, he prayed to God
for the rain
, which he thought, could be the only remedy from the famine
to save the mankind. His prayer was answered and it rained heavily during his bath. Vedasarma rushed to that place where he had spread his paddy and witnessed a miracle.
Despite rain around the area, the paddy, he had spread did not soak with a single drop of water. According to Purana
the place is called as "Tiru-nel-veli
" which means "Scared Hedged Paddy".
Geography of Tirunelveli
Tirunelveli is bounded by the state of Kerala
, Gulf of Mannar
and Virudhunagar District
, Thoothukudi District
and Kanyakumari District
. This city is located with a latitudinal limit of l8.73 degree North to 77.7 degree East. The average elevation of this city is 47 meters from the sea level. Tamiraparani River is the main river in Tirunelveli, along with the other rivers like Pachaiyar River, Manimathur River and Chittar river
Climate of Tirunelveli
The maximum temperature of Tirunelveli is 45 degree Celsius and minimum temperature is 22 degree Celsius. The average annual rainfall is 680mm.
Demography of Tirunelveli
Tirunelveli had a population of 473,637. The sex-ratio of this modern city
is about 1,027 females for every 1,000 males, with a national average of 929. The 46,624 people in Tirunelveli were under the age of six, out of which the 23,894 males and 22,730 females. 13.17 percent and 0.32 percent of the population are belonging from Indian Scheduled Tribes
. The average literacy rate in Tirunelveli was 81.49 percent.
Economy of Tirunelveli
Tirunelveli has quite numbers of industries
like cement factories
textile mills, spinning and weaving mills
, beedi companies and steel
products. A large number of small scale industries are supported by NELSIA (Nellai Small Scale Industries Association).
Tourism in Tirunelveli
Tirunelveli has ample amount of tourism
destinations like Nellaiappar Temple
, Sankaranarayanan Koil, Papanasam
, Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve
, Ulagamman Temple, Ambasamudram
, Deivacheyalpuram, Krishnapuram temple
, Kulasekarapattinam and Venkatachalapathy Temple
Tirunelveli is connected with the roadways
. The nearest airport is Vagaikulam airport
, which is 24 kilometer away from Tirunelveli. The Madurai Airport
and the Thiruvananthapuram
Airport is also easy to access. Tirunelveli Junction Railway Station is connected to major cities. Tirunelveli is well connected to the roads. The city is located on National Highways
7. It is also accessible by road from Madurai
, Nagercoil and connected to the other highways to Kollam