(Last Updated on : 24/08/2013)
Jaydev Kenduli is situated in the Bolpur subdivision of Birbhum District
, West Bengal
. It is a village and a gram panchayat located along the bank of Ajay River
. The place serves as a popular religious centre as it houses a number of temples and hermitages. Jaydev Kenduli is also believed to be the birthplace of the famous Sanskrit poet Jaydev, although the authenticity of this belief is not yet established. It also hosts the Baul fair, an annual fair held on the occasion of Makar Sankranti
History of Jaydev Kenduli
During the age of Mughal Empire
, Jaydev Kenduli served as a part of Senpahari pargana. In 17th century, according to a notice by Aurangzeb
, Mughal Emperor, Senpahari was included in the territory of Krishnaram Rai of Bardhaman
Raj. Maharani Brajakishori of Bardhaman had established temples in various places like Vrindavan
. During this era Jugal Kishore Mukhopadhyay was the court poet of Bardhaman. Radhabinod temple in the village was established on his request by the Maharani in the year 1683 which exhibits magnificent terracotta carvings depicting Ramayana
. The temple was erected exactly at the place where the house of the famous poet Jaydeva was believed to be located. The Radhaballav temple of the Mukhopadhyay family was built in the 20th century. Several hermitages were also built in Jaydev Kenduli that contributed in popularizing the village as a religious site.
On the occasion of Makar Sankranti
an annual fair is organized in the village in th>e memory of Jaydeva. The initiation of the fair is marked by the day on which Jaydev was believed to have taken bath in Ajay River
's Kadaambokhandi ghat. In the year 1982 the administration of the fair was took over by the district authorities for providing better facilities in the fair like lighting and security, better environment, drinking water and a good sanitation system. The fair witnesses a huge gathering of Bauls who stay at the hermitages for about a month. These Bauls are believed to carry the legacy of Jayadeva songs. The fair is thus also known as Baul Fair. However, it has been observed in the recent years that the Kirtanias have outnumbered the Bauls in the fair, and have gained huge popularity through their performances in the fair. This age old fair caters mainly the need of village people. A variety of artefacts ranging from utensils to fishing nets are sold in Baul Fair.
The village of Jaydev Kenduli has been visited by a number of eminent personalities like Kshiti Mohan Sen, Provat Kumar Mukhopadhyay, Santideb Ghosh, Nandalal Bose
, Ram Kinkar Baij
. This has greatly contributed in augmenting popularity of the village which added to the pride of Birbhum District.