(Last Updated on : 27/09/2011)
Carl movements in Natyshastra
refer to the foot movements. A dance is pervaded by movements of Carl. All movements proceed from the Carl. Discharge of missiles is attended with Carl movements. When fighting scenes are depicted in the stage Carl movements are used. Everything concerned and projected as Natya is a part of the Carl movement. No part of Natya can be performed without a Carl.
There are two types of carl movement: Bhaumi Carl and Akdsi Ki Carl. There are sixteen Bhaumi or Earthly Carls and they are: Samapada, Sthitavartai, Sakatasya, Adhyar-dhika, Casaeati, Vicyava, Edakakrdita, Baddha, Uridvrtta, Acidita, Ulsyardita, Janita, Syandita, Apaspandila, Samotsarifa Mattalli and Mattalli.
There are sixteen carls and they are Atikranta, Apakranta, Parsvakranta, Urdhvaianu, Kuficita, Nupurapadika, Dolapada, Aksipta, Aviddha, Udvrtta, Vidyudbhranta, Alata, Bhujariga Trasita, Mrgaputa, Danda and Bhramar.
Samapada - Both the feet are kept close together and the nails are symmetrical. The actor stands on the spot.
Sthitavartai - One foot is drawn up in order to cross the other foot. Thereafter this movement is repeated with the other foot after keeping the feet apart.
Sakatasya - Actor's body is kept erect. One foot is in Aprataiasancara state and he keeps the chest in Udvahita state.
Adhyar-dhika - The left foot is kept at the back of the right one and then the right foot is removed
Casaeati - In the Carl called Casagati the right foot is put forward and then drawn back. At the same time the left foot is drawn back and put forwards.
Vicyava - The feet are separated from the state of Samapada.
Edakakrdita - the actor jumps up and falls down alternatively.
Baddha - The two shanks are crossed in the form of Svastika. Then the thighs are kept sideways.
Uridvrtta - The heel of a Talasapta foot is to be placed facing outwards; of the shanks one is to be slightly bent and the thigh is turned up.
Addita - Where an Agratala Sancara foot rubs against either the forepart or the back of another foot.
Ulsyardita (or Utspandita) - If the feet move gradually in and out (i e. sideways) in the manner of Recaka, the Carl is called Utsyandita.
Janita - A band is held on the chest and the other hand is moved round. The feet are to be kept in Talasancara manner.
This Carl is called Janita. Syandita one of the feet is put forward five Talas away from the other. This Carl is called Syandita.
Apasyandita - If the other foot is put forward five away from the previous one it is Apasyandita.
Samotsarita-Mattalli - Both the Talasancara feet have a circular movement while going back.
Matalli - A backward step with a circular movement and the hands are Udvestita and then Apaviddha.
The Carl movements:
Atikranta - A foot is raised and stretched forward. After lifting up it is allowed to fall upon.
Apakranta - Valana twisting and turning is performed by both the thighs and then a Kuncita foot is raised and immediately set down sideways.
Parsvakranta - A foot is raised in the Kuncita state and stretched beyond the knee. Another is thrown up and brought near the side.
Urdhvaianu - A Kuncita foot is lifted up and the knee is brought up to the level of the Chest and the other knee is kept free from movement.
Nupurapadika - A foot is lifted up and taken behind another foot and it is quickly caused to fall on the ground.
Dolapada - Lift up the Kuncita foot and rock it from side to side. Then allow it to fall on the ground as an Ancita foot.
Aksipta - A Kuncita foot is thrown up and immediately it is placed on a foot while the shank of the remaining leg is crossed.
Aviddha - A Kuncita foot in the Svastika state is stretched out and it is allowed to fall on the ground quickly as an Ancita foot.
Udvrtta - In the Aviddha Carl the Kuncita foot is taken round the thigh of the other leg, thrown up and then caused to fall on the ground.
Vidyudbhranta - One foot is circled backwards and stretched so as to touch its top: then the head is moved in a circle.
Alata - One foot is stretched backwards and then thrust in after being twisted. Thereafter it falls on its heel.
Bhujariga trasita - After throwing up a Kuncita foot there shall be a three cornered twisting round of the thigh hip and the knee.