Nandas are considered as the empire builders. The Greek writers refer to a system of provincial government under officials styled 'nomarchs and hyparchs. A nomarch is a local ruler of a district. The word hyparch is used to denote a satrap. In the third century administrative charges called ahara, vishaya, janapada under functionaries styled mahamatras rajukas, pradesikas and rashtriyas who seem to answer to the nomarchs and hyparchs have been mentioned in various texts. Village was the lowest administrative unit.
Nandas made tax collection methodical by appointing officials. The treasury was continually filled which goes on to prove that the Nandas were wealthy. Canals were also built as well as irrigation projects were also carried out. An imperial structure based on an essentially agrarian economy began to develop. They had a very strong army that consisted of of 200,000 infantry, 20,000 cavalry, 2,000 war chariots and 3,000 war elephants.
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