(Last Updated on : 16/01/2013)
Sagar District is one of the districts of the state of Madhya Pradesh
in central India. The town of Sagar serves as its administrative center. To the north of this district lies the
Lalitpur District of the state of Uttar Pradesh
and to its northeast lies the districts of Chhatarpur of Madhya Pradesh
. Its east is bordered by Damoh while the southwest is bordered by Raisen district
. Vidisha district
lies to the west and Ashoknagar district
lies to the northwest. The Sagar District has been passed by many streams. The Sunar Beas, Dhasan and Bina rivers are some of the notable watercourses that flow in a northerly direction towards the valley of the Ganges. The soil is mainly black in colour in the in the southern and central parts. The district bears good quality of iron ore. These ores are developed in a small village, Hirapur
which is located in extreme north-east. The Ramna teak forest in the north is one of the densely wooded tracts of Sagar District.
Tourist Spots in Sagar District
The Sagar district has many beautiful places to visit that attract tourists from different places. The Archeological site of Tehsil Bina Eran is located in the North-west of Sagar town. Eran is situated on the bank of river Bina that guards it from all the sides. River Bina is a tributary of river Betwa. Eran is adorned by a fortified wall and a ditch of Chalcolithic Period. The site can be easily reached through the Mandibamora road that passes through Gohar and Dhansara villages. Eran has proved to be useful in unearthing the antiquities of Neolithic and Chalcolithic culture. According to history many powerful dynasties have ruled from Sagar district like the Mauryas, the Sungas, the Satvahanas, the Shakas, the Nagas, the Guptas, the Hunas, the Kalchuries, the Chandellas and the Parmaras. The notable Gupta king Samudragupta
had also paid a visit to Eran which was his 'Swabhog Nagar'.
Many beautiful Temples are located on the south bank of Bina River, just half a km to the west of the Village. Apart from these there are many other ruined temples of architectural importance like the Vishnu Temple, Varaha Temple, Nrisingh Temple and Garuda Pillar. Many sati pillars have also been located in the district. One of the oldest sati pillars was found by General Alexander Cunningham in 1874-1875 AD. The inscriptions in the pillar depict that Gopraj, a warrior of Gupta period had lost his life while fighting in a war. Hence his wife has become sati on his pyre. Other sati pillars have also been located from Early Medieval Period to Modern Period. Different inscriptions of Budhagupta, inscription of Saka ruler Sridhar Verma, inscription of Huna ruler Tormanh, inscription of Samudragupta and Gopraj Sati Pillar inscriptions have also been found in Eran. Few of these sati pillars have been destroyed. The other surviving pillars represent the symbols of The Sun, The Moon, Stars, Holy Furnace, blessing hands. They suggest that till the existence of The Sun, The Moon, Stars and Fire on Earth the memory of Sati will remain. All the Pillars found in Village Eran belong to Brahmins and Kshtriyas only. The inscriptions are inscribed in Nagari script