Society of Kuki Tribe begins when an Ego (groom) marries; he owns a number of relationships on his in law side. An ego's children automatically become Tuchas to his wife's parents, his brothers and brother's sons. Likewise the in-laws of a Tucha become Songgao relatives of the latter. In other words every man in Kuki tribe turns to be both a Tucha as well as Songgao with two sets of relationships one set being that of his mother, wife and daughter- in-law's kin group while the other set includes his own aunt, sister and daughtewr which he receives on return of every marital relationship. This forms the basis of Tucha Songgao relation ship which is the most important part of Kuki society. The relatives of the Tucha not necessarily reside in close by areas but the ego is free to select any one from both the sides of relationship who can represent the entire relationship at the time of need.
Society of Kuki Tribe includes the social institutions which can be largely categorised within two types. These relationships either depend on the marital relationship or on the economic grounds which are visible in the Parento-clientele relationship. More specifically when the Tucha-Songgao relationship is primarily based on the marital relationship that bears blood relations, the Parento-clientele relationship is largely dependent on the economic considerations. While the Tucha-Songgao is based on economic considerations that are community oriented and so not restrict itself with individual profit, the Parento - clientele relationship on the other hand depends on the individual profit which is totally economically oriented.
Society of Kuki Tribe along with these two relationships involves another relationship that is known as Bechas. The Becha relatives are those set of relationship which the ego inherits from nature in the form of his relatives. These Becha relatives hold a significant position in the Kuki tribe as they are the spokesmen of the ego and hold all powers to control the Ego. These groups of relatives stand in contrast with Tuchas and Songgaos which the Ego gains from marital relation. The entire social relationship of the Kuki tribe revolves round these three sets of relationship which forms the basis of the marital relationship of the Kuki tribes.
Society of Kuki Tribe along with the recognition of a number of social relationships also includes a number of formalities which involves the traditions like distribution of meat. The kuki tribe involves a ritual of sharing the meat which is usually distributed within the Tucchas and the Bechachas who share the upper and lower part of the animal meat. The custom of sharing of meat involves a major part of the social, economic, political, and religious life of the Kuki tribes which is considered to be one of the most important aspects of Kuki tribes. Along with this the Society of Kuki tribe ha a separate social structure with different types of family. While the tribe largely resides within eight types of villages, they include four type of families which are categorised as very small family with three members only; medium size family with four to six members; large size families with at least seven to nine members and very large size families with more than ten members. All these families revolve round the Tuccha - Songao relationship.
Thus society of Kuki tribes depends on the both the social structure of the community as well as traditions which are followed within the tribal community.
(Last Updated on : 05-03-2015)
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