(Last Updated on : 04/11/2014)
Marshal A. Nesamony carried Travancore Tamil Nadu congress across the subjugated people of Tamil speaking regions like Kalkulam, Vilavancode, Peermade, Deviculam, and Chittoor Taluks. He was undoubtedly the monarch of the Tamils and was called thereafter by the people "Kumari Thanthai" which means father of Kanyakumari. He had under the umbrella of his party conducted welfare activities for the Tamils.
Early Life of Marshal A. Nesamony
Nesamony was an inhabitant of Palliady in Vilavancode Taluk. He was born at Maranconam in Kalkulam to Appolose and Gnanammal on 12 June1895. He was born in this Taluk and brought up in Vilavancode Taluk, which made him realise about the Nair oppression on the Nadars and motivated him to liberate his people from the grasp of the Nair community. Nesamony started his life as a teacher after the completion of degree. Later on studied law and joined as a lawyer at Nagercoil Session court. He was considered as the most renowned lawyer of Travancore due to his acquaintance in law, argument style and presentation of cases.
Religious Services of Marshal A. Nesamony
Nesamony was made Neyyoor district Secretary in 1933 and in the same year was even elected to the Travancore Mission Council. The Constitution and Rules of the Church Council was penned down by him in 1939. He went on to become the Vice-President in the South Travancore Diocese. Consequently after its bifurcation in the year 1959 he became the Vice-President of Kanyakumari Diocese, CSI.
Marshal A. Nesamony's Service for Masses
In 1943 he was voted to the position of President of Nagercoil Lawyers' Association. That year itself he was also appointed as the chairman of the Nagercoil Municipal Council. He has been the member of Sri Mulam Assembly of Travancore, Madras State Assembly and Lok Sabha
. During his service as a Municipal Chairman the Municipality was rescued from economic failure. He added the uptown with the existing municipal areas, streets were lighted and drinking water was provided to the towns. Beggars had a rehabilitation centre. His speech on adult franchise and his bizarre capability made him to be appointed as the Senate of the Travancore University.
Father of Kanyakumari District
Nesamony might have experienced the Nair dominance as he was born in Kalkulam Taluk and brought up in Vilavancode Taluk. This must have been his motivation to fight against the atrocities inflicted on the Nadars.
The hero of the twentieth century struggle, Marshal A. Nesamony was a senior advocate, belonging to the Protestant Christian Nadar community. On September 8 1947, around two hundred advocates under his leadership had assembled at Allen Memorial Hall. Muthukaruppa Pillai was a member of the State Congress who also represented his party. According to him as Travancore State Congress was the only organisation which represented both Malayalees and Tamilians in the States so a new organisation to look after the welfare of the Tamilians specifically was not required. Others argued that Travancore Tamil Nadu Congress was the only group which worked for the welfare of the Tamils so all Tamil speaking people should join it to strengthen it. Both these resolutions were put to vote. Travancore Tamil Nadu Congress was considered as the representative body of the Travancore Tamilians. Under Nesamony's leadership, the organization was made popular among the Nadars. Travancore Tamil Nadu Congress gathered people in the southern Taluks to explain its objectives. Their main intention was to form a Tamil state with full autonomy under Maharaja's authority.
In the Parliament, representatives of Travancore Cochin State opposed the Commission's recommendation for merging the Southern Taluks with state of Madras. Nesamony was obliged to withdraw his proposal as it would mar the face of Kerala
. However he argued constantly for the merger of Neyyatinkarai, Deviculam, Peermade and Chittoor with Madras. He argued that the estates of Deviculam and Peermade were the results of hardship of the Tamilians. His request was not considered. Fasal Ali's Commission had recommended merger of Thovalai, Agasteeswaram, Kalkulam and Vilavancode with Madras State. The Joint Committee which was appointed to give a final shape to the state boundaries suggested that only eastern portion of Shenkottai should be merged with Madras. This was the ultimate decision and it was published on 16 January 1956.
During the reorganisation of states language wise in 1956, Nesamony played a major role in the merger of Kanyakumari district with Tamil Nadu. Nesamony died in 1968 while serving as a member in the Lok Sabha. Nesamony was a visionary whose role was instrumental in freeing the Tamilians from the clutches of the Nair oppression. His powerful argumentative style helped him to place the resolution of merging the four southern taluks with Tamil Nadu
and also made it implement amongst strong opposition.