Medium of Instruction
Marathi language, being the mother-tongue of the majority of the population in the district, became the medium of instruction. However, simultaneous arrangements were made for instruction through English, Hindi language, Urdu and Kannada language, for the benefit of those students whose mother-tongue was other than Marathi adhering to the principle of giving the instruction through the mother-tongue.
Primary and secondary education in the district is under the control of the Education Officer of the Zilla Parishad. He is responsible in the district for the supervision of primary and secondary education, the administrative control of all government and non-government primary schools, secondary schools and training institutions of primary teachers and such special schools as are placed under the control of the Education Department and the control and inspection of all secondary schools including multi-purpose high schools excepting those in municipal areas.
The girls' schools and institutions for women come under the control of the Inspectress of Girls' Schools, Aurangabad. All the functions of the Education Officer in respect of the inspection of secondary and special schools in the district and visiting primary schools, for girls in the district and making suggestions for their improvement lie vested with the Inspectress of Government Schools.
Secondary Education is under the direct control of the Zilla Parishad except in the municipal areas. The expenditure incurred on the salaries of the teachers working in the secondary schools and class four servants is met by the Zilla Parishad and the contingent charges are borne by the Government.
There are a number of colleges in the district which are affiliated to the Marathwada University.
Visual and Other education
There are Inspectors at State level for visual education, drawing and craft work and commercial and technical schools. They are responsible for the organisation and inspection in their respective spheres. These Inspectors have jurisdiction aver the district with regard to their respective spheres directly under the control of the Deputy Director of Education, Maharashtra State, Aurangabad. The teachers trained in physical education are entrusted with the work regarding the physical training activities in the district. Most of the secondary schools in the district have been provided with radio-sets. Same schools even own a projector which provides facilities for visual education.
There are three units of National Cadet Corps and seven units of Auxiliary Cadet Corps in the district. There are many students in the district who take advantage of boy scouts and girl guides. Two scouts training camps have so far been conducted in the district.
State Council of Technical Education
All technical and industrial institutions and industrial training Institutes and courses leading up to the Diploma standard (Non-University courses) excluding the courses controlled by the University are controlled by the Department of Technical Education, Bombay. The Government has set up two different councils for the purpose. The State Council of Technical Education gives advice and makes recommendations in respect of technical and industrial institutes and courses leading up to the Diploma standard. The State Council for training in Vocational Trades carries out the policy of National Council with regard to the award of National Trade Certificates in engineering, building and leather trade and any other similar trades as may be brought under its scope by the Central or the State Government. The Director of Technical Education conducts the annual examination in the course approved by the State Council of Technical Education, Bombay, and awards certificates or diplomas to the successful candidates.
The following Government Institutions come under the State Council of Technical Education in the Nanded District:
The medical education in the district is conducted by the Government Ayurvedic College, Nanded, which prepares students for A.V.V. and A.F.A.M. courses. The Institute for auxiliary nurse midwifery course was established at Nanded in October, 1958. It conducts the courses in nursing and midwifery.
The Maharashtra Typewriting Institute established at Nanded in 1958, the General Shorthand and Typewriting Institute established at Nanded in 1957, Shri Ganesh Typewriting and Shorthand Institute established at Nanded in 1958 and the Universal Commercial Institute established at Nanded in 1945 are the commercial institutions in the district. They conduct courses in shorthand and typing in English, Marathi and Hindi.
Schools for the Cultivation of Fine Arts, Music, Dancing, Painting Abhinava Chitra Shala was the only institute in the fine arts established at Nanded in 1955. The strength of the school was 150 and there were four persons on the teaching staff. The Gayan Vadan Vidyalaya established in Nanded in 1937 prepares students for the recognised examinations in vocal and instrumental music.
Oriental Schools and Colleges
There are five oriental, schools and colleges in Nanded district, viz., the Sanskrit Mahavidyalaya established at Nanded in 1955, the Samarth Sanskrit Pathshala established at Kahala in Biloli tahsil of Nanded district in 1956, the Sanskrit Pathshala at Hori and the Darul-Uloom Hatai, an Arabic institution established at Nanded in 1955.
Thus discussed is the educational scenario in the district of Nanded in Maharashtra.