The Deputy Commissioner is in charge of the entire administration of North Cachar Hills District. He also acts as District Magistrate in case associated with maintenance of Law and Order and General Administration, as District Election Officer in matters associated with Election and so on. A number of officers like Additional Deputy Commissioner, Superintendent of Police, Sub-divisional Officers, Extra Assistant Commissioners and others, assist the Deputy Commissioner.
North Cachar Hills District is one of the two hills districts of Assam. The North Cachar Hills Autonomous District Council was constituted under the provisions of the sixth schedule to the Constitution of India to administer this autonomous district. North Cachar Hills Autonomous Council has three wings of administration, namely Legislature, Judiciary, and Executive. Further, Revenue Administration is under the administrative control of the North Cachar Hills Autonomous District Council. The Revenue Officer of the district council looks after this branch. His responsibility mainly includes collection and fixing of land revenue, registration, mutation and overall management in regard to land - private and public.
The Autonomous Council undertakes all the developmental activities in the district. Maintenance of Law and Order is another important aspect of district administration and the Deputy Commissioner also being the District Magistrate, is responsible for proper maintenance of the same. For management and implementation of various developmental schemes, committees are constituted at the level of Town Committees for Urban Areas and Block Level committees in the rural areas. In the rural areas, 'Gao Bura' or the headman of the village looks after village administration. The total number of villages in the North Cachar Hills district is around 539.