Geography of Upper Subansiri District
The Upper Subansiri district lies between latitude 27 degrees 45 minutes north and 28 degrees 42 minutes North and longitude of 93 degrees 18 minutes East and 94 degrees 36 minutes East. It is bounded in the north by Mc Mohan line bordering Tibet, in the south by part of Lower Subansiri and part of West Siang districts, in the east by West Siang district, and in the west by Lower Subansiri district. The Upper Subansiri district has an estimated area of around 7000 Sq. Kms. The Upper Subansiri district has its headquarters at Daporijo. It is administered through one sub-division having its headquarters at Nacho. This sub-division includes four administrative circles. The administration of Upper Subansiri district is under the direct control of the Deputy Commissioner.
Demography of Upper Subansiri District
According to the Population Census in the year 2011, Upper Subansiri had population of 83,205 of which male and female were 41,974 and 41,231 respectively. The population of Upper Subansiri District constituted 6.02 percent of total population of Arunachal Pradesh. The population of the Upper Subansiri district shows that density is 12 people per sq. km. The average literacy rate of Upper Subansiri was 63.96 percent. If things are looked out at gender wise, male and female literacy were 67.36 percent and 60.51 percent respectively. The total literates in Upper Subansiri District were 45,984 of which male and female were 24,404 and 21,580 respectively. The main tribal groups of the Upper Subansiri district are Tagin tribe; Hill Miri tribe, Nishing tribe and Gallong Tribe. There is a close co-relation among these four tribes of the district as far as their socio-economic aspects are concerned. Interestingly, all the four tribes live in a well knit social pattern. Most of their traditions and customs have been handed down from generation to generation orally. These traditions and customs are being practised with great devotion.
Culture of Upper Subansiri District
A number of spirits both benevolent and malevolent dominates religious beliefs and practices of the people of Upper Subansiri district. The concept of Supreme God is also prevalent among their customs. Donyi Polo or the Sun-Moon is often regarded as Supreme God. According to their beliefs, every act of human being is supposed to be governed by these spirits. The people of Upper Subansiri district celebrate a number of festivals with complete devotion and collectively. The local people and the tourists attract the festivals of the Upper Subansiri district. There are chiefly four festivals celebrated by the local people of Upper Subansiri district and these are Si-Donyi festival, Bori Boot festival, Boori-Yullow festival and Mopin festival.
Tourism of Upper Subansiri District
Tourism in Upper Subansiri district comprises visits to historical places as well as experiencing adventurous options. This place with its rugged mountains is defined as an ideal place for trekking, rock climbing, etc. Tourism of Upper Subansiri district also offers the opportunity of experiencing several water sports to the travellers. The major tourist attractions of the region include Menga Mandir, Abi-Siriu Lake, Likusui and more. Thus, it can be said that the tourists from different parts of the world can enjoy leisure tourism as well as pilgrimage tourism at this district. The Upper Subansiri district can be considered as one of the beautiful districts of Arunachal Pradesh attracting a large of travellers to explore its undiscovered beauty.