(Last Updated on : 24-10-2015)
Culture of Bongaigaon District
could be traced from the historical background of this district. It can easily be surmised that the entire area at one time was ruled by Kings or Feudal Lords hailing from the Koch-Rajbonshies belonging to Indo-Mongoloid ethnic group of people till the end of princely states in 1956 A.D. The kings of this area had a hoary past and can be traced back to the 'Kiratees' of epic age (Mahabharata
fame). Naturally Koches alias Koch-Rajbonshies are considered as the native people of Bongaigaon district. Ravas, Garo tribe
, Yogis, Kalitas and Kayasthas are also considered as indigenous who settled in this region prior to the arrival of British rulers.
Every place do possesses some peculiarities and particularities that constitute the inherent identity in spite of heterogeneous elements. Apart from prevalent common environment in the erstwhile Bijni Kingdom and undivided Goalpara district
of 1822, the most striking factors of Bongaigaon district are the Hilly Caves and stone carvings of Jogighopa hill-rocks that demonstrate the existence of Buddhist culture.
District, worshipping of benevolent gods and goddess or driving away evil spirits by chanting of 'Mantras' or black-arts are the common mental make up and more than 99 per cent of the native rural people even today and they have strong belief in inevitable destiny. Lord Shiva
or Mahadev is worshipped in this district area. Bhairav Hills range, Mahadev Hills range and Bhumiswar Hills range are famous for ruins of sculptures, idols, Shiva etc.
One of the popular legends associated with the culture of Bongaigaon district says that in spite of pantheistic view of life and worshipping of Gods and Goddesses, Srimanta Sankardeva
, the propagator of Supreme God known as 'Vishnu' enjoyed ample scope for spreading his ideas and received warm patronage from Koch Kings and peoples. 'Shakti
Puja (worshiping of female deities headed by temples dedicated to Bageswari/ Kali-Thakurani/ Moharani/ Kalikarpat etc.) is also found in every nook and corner of this district. Bageswari temple - the central and oldest Temple of Bongaigaon town area along with Kalimandir near Swahid Bedi, Buri Aie of Bhakaribhita , Moharani temple of Khagarpur, Kalikarpat of Kakoijana Hills range, Jogodhatri of Sidalsati etc are worth mentioning spots.