(Last Updated on : 16-01-2015)
Bodo language is one of the popular Indian tribal languages. This language belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family
, which is a sub-group of the Sino-Tibetan language group. It is mostly spoken by the Bodo people residing in the north-eastern region of India and also by the people of the neighbouring country that is Nepal. Bodo language has got the status of one of the official languages of the state of Assam
. It is also one of the 22 scheduled languages of the country that are given special constitutional status. Bodo language is closely associated with the Dimasa language of the state of Assam and with the Garo language of the state of Meghalaya
. Further, this tribal language is closely connected with Kokborok language that is chiefly spoken in the state of Tripura
This popular North-east Indian language
has no particular record towards its origin. However, it is said that a peak point in Bodo language is a socio-political movement that was initiated by some local Bodo organizations since 1913. After this language movement, in the year 1963 Bodo language was finally introduced in the primary schools of the Bodo dominated areas as an instruction medium. Presently, this tribal language is the official medium of instruction in several educational institutions up to 10+2 level. Moreover, Bodo language has been included as a part of a post graduate programme in the University of Guwahati. This language of the Tibeto-Burman language family strongly boasts of rich literature. Numerous books of drama, short stories, poetry, novels, biography, children's literature, travelogue, etc. have been written in this language.
Bodo language is written by using the Devanagari script. It also has a history of using Roman script. However, history shows that this language originally used Deodhai script, which is now lost. There is a huge difference in the usage of the letters in Bodo language than the Devanagari script. Bodo language shares some common salient features with the other languages belonging to the Bodo group. The features are similar in terms of phonology, morphology, syntax and vocabulary. This language has been affected other languages of other communities, especially the Bengali language
and language of Kokrajhar
. But in Udalguri district, Bodo language is still heard in the pure form. The Assam Sahitya Sabha, Eastern India's literary body, is taking revolutionary efforts for preserving and popularizing the literature in Bodo language.