(Last Updated on : 13/11/2018)
India is a land of diversity and a significant chunk of its rich history pertains to the northern region
of the country. The ornate lavish monuments
of North India are actually regarded as a part of the countrys cultural and traditional heritage. The monuments of North India comprise of some of the most unique and exquisite pieces of art and show the exemplary craftsmanship of the artisans from the bygone era. The states in the North India include Delhi
, Himachal Pradesh
, Jammu and Kashmir
, Uttar Pradesh
Architecture of Monuments of North India
of the monuments of North India are a reminiscent of the Nagara style
, the monuments lack a regular sophisticated boundary walls or gateways. The Nagara style temple
architecture can be divided into 3 categories based on their shikhara type- Latina or Rekha Prasada, Phamsana and Valabhi. Among the places in North India, Buddhist architecture is prevalent in the Ladakh
region of Jammu and Kashmir as the Lamayuru Monastery
and the Rizong Monastery
Types of Monuments of North India
The monuments of North India are of different types and they exhibit the various styles and blends of Indian ancient architecture and cultures. The heritage sites of India can be divided into various categories like historical monuments, religious monuments, archaeological monuments and it can also be classified according to different states of northern region of India. Listed below is a list of monuments of North India.
Built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan
in the mid-17thcentury and is now one of the major tourist attractions of Delhi.This historic fort
is a famous monument of North India and is built from red sandstone and is also commonly known as the Lal Quila. Among the most famous structures of the complex are the Hall of Public Audience also known as Diwan-i-Am, which has 60 red sandstone pillars supporting a flat roof, and the Hall of Private Audience or Diwan-i-Khas, which is smaller, with a pavilion of white marble.
Known to be the second tallest brick minaret in the world, the development of the Qutub Minar
ranged over a span of few decades starting from the time of Qutab-ud-din Aibak
to Firoz Shah Tughlaqs
. The tower has 5 distinct storeys, the first 3 storeys are made of red sandstone; the fourth and fifth storeys are of marble and sandstone. At the foot of the tower is the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque
, the first mosque to be built in India. Located in the capital city, this brick minaret is a popular tourist attraction.
The Jama Masjid
of Delhi is known to be one of the largest mosques in India and is a fine example of Mughal architecture
. Built near the Red Fort, the mosque was constructed by a crew of about 5,000 workers and the prime construction material was red sandstone, along with some white marble. This great mosque has a courtyard capable of holding 25,000 devotees.
Situated in Himachal Pradesh, the Kangra Fort
is a famous monument of North India. It was constructed by the royal Rajput
family of Kangra, known as the Katoch dynasty. The origin of this dynasty can be traced to the ancient Trigarta Kingdom which finds its mention in the Indian epic Mahabharata
Vaishno Devi Temple:
One of the most sacred holy shrines in India, the Vaishno Devi
Temple is located in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. One of the most celebrated monuments of North India. Nestled in the Trikuta Mountain, the Hindu pilgrimage of Vaishno Devi stands at an elevation of about 5,200 ft above sea level.
Built during the 18th century, the Shobha Sarovar is one the monuments of Haryana whose architecture is based on the principle of conservation of water. Based in the city of Narnaul
, it was built by Rai Bal Mukund Das, who served as a superintendent of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. The sarovar has an elegant entry and a flight of steps that lead to the water.
Built in the 3rd century BC, the Buddha Stupa in Chaneti, Haryana was constructed under the reign of the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka
. This stupa
is built on similar lines to the Shahpur and Dharamrajika stupas of Taxila
. It is situated at a distance of about 3 km northwest of Sugh.
Firoz Shah Palace Complex:
Located in Hisar
, Haryana, the Firoz Shah Palace Complex
was built by Firoz Shah for his wife Gujri. The palace houses a mosque
by the name of Latki Masjid
. It is built of sandstone pillar and stands at about 20 ft high. The complex also has underground apartments and also a Diwan-e-Aam. There is also another palace by the name of Gujri Mahal
which is located nearby to this palace complex.
Known to be a part of the biggest cultural heritage of the Sikh
community, the Golden Temple
is the seat of the sacred Guru Granth Sahib
. The Golden Temple is commonly known for its community kitchen called the Guru ka Langar. The temple has a free hostel, known as Guru Ram Das
Niwas and has about 228 rooms and 18 halls. It further includes some other places, like, Dukh Bhanjani Ber - Jujube tree, Thara Sahib, Ber Baba Budhaji, Gurudwara Ilachi Ber, Ath Sath Tirath and Gurudwara Shaheed Bunga Baba Deep Singh.
The Sheesh Mahal
or the Palace of Mirrors in Patiala
was built by Maharaja Narinder Singh between 1845-1862 behind the main Moti Bagh Palace
. The Sheesh Mahal was built in a forest with terraces, gardens, fountains along with an artificial lake.
Constructed during the Kushana
period, the Quila Mubarak stands in the heart of Bathinda
and was built under the initiative of King Kanishka
. Also known as the Bathinda Fort, it is here where the first lady to hold the throne of Delhi, Razia Sultana
, was imprisoned. The fort has 2 segments: Quila Androon and Quila Mubarak.
Located on the south bank of the Yamuna River
, the Taj Mahal
is a world heritage site and a best example of Mughal architecture
in India. It attracts a large number of tourists and is known to be one of the most visited historical monuments in Uttar Pradesh
The ancient fortified city of Fatehpur Sikri
was founded by Mughal emperor Akbar
and is built with lavish red sandstone. It has a complex of monuments and temples namely the Buland Darwaza, Jama Masjid, the Tomb of Salim Chisti
, Ibadat Khana, Mariam-uz-Zamani
s Palace, Panch Mahal
, etc. It is another very famous monument of North India.
One of the famous sites of Char-Dham yatra in Uttarakhand, this monument of North India, called the Badrinath Temple
is a Hindu temple
dedicated to Lord Vishnu
. The Badrinath Temple has 3 structures- the Garbagriha, the Darshan Mandap and the Sabha Mandap.
Other than these, there are a number of more temples and monuments in North India. Like the Jageshwar Temples
, Kedarnath Temple
, Humayuns Tomb
, Jantar Mantar
, Safdarjung Tomb
, the Nanda Devi
Temple and the Sun Temple of Almora
, Rambagh Palace
, Gobindgarh Fort, the Phillaur Fort, Hari Parbat
Fort and Bahu Fort
of Jammu and Kashmir, Pari Mahal
Gompa, Jama Masjid, Martand Temple
, Amar Mahal, Ram Nagar Palace, Palace of Sengge Namgyal. Then there are the Ashokan pillars and stupas of Sarnath
, Uttar Pradesh like the Dhamek Stupa
, Chaukhandi Stupa
, along with the Buddhist statue and the Sarnath Museum
. These are few of the most popular monuments of North India which represent the cultural tradition and heritage of our country and are also a major tourist attraction.