(Last Updated on : 05/02/2010)
Vrindavan, the abode of Lord Krishna, is located in Uttar Pradesh. Tucked away in the Mathura district of the Braj region, Vrindavan is popular for its numerous temples that are scattered throughout the town. This holy town is situated at a distance of 15 kilometers from Mathura and around 151 kilometers south of Delhi.
History of Vrindavan
This holy town in the northern part of India got its name from the Tulsi plant which is also known as Vrinda. According to legends this town was a tulsi grove once upon a time. There are other legends as well that narrate that Vrindavan derived its name from Vrinda Devi, a playmate of Lord Krishna. As far as the history of this town is concerned it is steeped in legends and myths. The umpteenth temples stand as evidences to these great many legends. According to historical evidences the earliest Hindu temple built in Vrindavan was Seva Kunj built by the gosains of Vrindavan. Initially it was named Nidhiban as it is situated in a large garden. Besides this, four other temples were built to commemorate the visit of Emperor Akbar. These were Govind Deva, Madan Mohan, Gopinath, and Jugal Kishore.
Geography of Vrindavan
Vrindavan is located on the Gangetic Plain. As a result it experiences extreme climate. The summers are hot and humid with the temperature reaching to around 45 degrees. The winters, on the other hand, are chilly and the temperature may drop to 5 degree Celsius. Monsoon arrives in Vrindavan during the first week of July and stays till the second week of September.
Demography of Vrindavan
In accordance to 2001 census, the population of Vrindavan is 56,618. The literacy rate of Vrindavan is quite impressive with 65%.
Culture of Vrindavan
Religion is a way of in Vrindavan. Devotion to the lord is manifested through music and dance. Hence bhajans, kirtans and other forms of devotional songs are quite common sights in Vrindavan. Festivals are celebrated with a lot of fervour in Vrindavan. Whether it Janmashtami, Holi or Jhulan Yatra, devotees flock the city to participate in these festivals. In fact it is a visual treat to watch such festivals being celebrated on the streets and lanes of Vrindavan. Govardhan Puja, Guru Poornima, Holi, Radhashtami, and Basant Panchami are also a part of the town's festivities.
Tourism in Vrindavan
Vrindavan is undoubtedly the land of Lord Krishna. Mythology spells out that the lord spent his childhood here. For the followers of Krishna, Vrindavan is significant as this ancient town has been a witness to the lord's mischief, pranks, friendship, miracles and his love for Radha. Vrindavan is the land of Raslila as well. Hence apart from the religious structures, Indian mythology also plays an important role in attracting the tourists to Vrindavan.
Visiting Information on Vrindavan:
How To Reach
: The nearest airport is Agra, located at a distance of 67 kilometers. The nearest international airport is Delhi. From Agra several transportations are available to reach Vrindavan.
: The nearest railway station is located at Mathura. Several express trains connect this holy town with the rest of India.
: Vrindavan is accessible by road from Mathura.
The best time to visit Vrindavan is from October to March. As far as accommodations are concerned there are hotels and dharamashalas which provide proper amenities to the tourists.