(Last Updated on : 19-02-2018)
Kumaonis are a Hindu Community
who hails from Uttarakhand
. They have a rich tradition of folk music
and a high percentage of literacy with a long tradition of learning and education
covers the districts of Nainital
in Uttarakhand, which came into being in 1814 AD when the British
overcame the Chand Rajas.
Origin of Kumaonis
The original Kumaonis were Vedic Aryans
or Nordic. Kumaonis have their own dialect based on Hindi
with marginal phonetic variations in different regions. The Kumaoni dialect is very famous in Uttarakhand which is spoken by the people of Kumaon.
History of Kumaonis
Legend had it that during the prehistoric era, the Kinnaurs
, Kiratas, the Khas and the Vedic Aryans were the rulers of this area. During the Vardhan Empire
this area was under its influence. For two centuries after Harshavardhana
, the region was ruled by the Tibetans. In the middle ages, the Katyur dynasty ruled the area for over a century. Anek Mali, a Nepalese, invaded Kumaon in 1191. Two centuries later the Chand Rajas ruled over the area till they were defeated by the Gurkhas
around 1790 and in 1815 the British annexed Kumaon and established themselves in this region. The community also played a prominent role in the freedom struggle
and produced some notable national leaders.
Society of Kumaonis
The social set up of the Kumaonis are still traditional. Marriages
are arranged with the consent of the parents and several customs
have been assigned to celebrate different ceremonies
like the thread ceremony
of a boy or to the birth of a male child.
Religion of Kumaonis
Kumaonis celebrate all the main Hindu festivals
, Raksha Bandhan
. There are a number of fairs connected with religious festivals
which are celebrated in different parts of the region - Makar Sankranti
at Jageshwar, Bageshwar, and Thai; Janmashtami
at Devidhura; Nandashtami or Nanda Devi Fair at Almora, Nainital and Pithoragarh and Vrishchik Sankranti at Jauljibi. The Nanda Devi Fair is celebrated only in Kumaon. In Nainital and Almora there are temples dedicated to Nanda (Parvati
), the family Goddess
of the Chand rajas.
Profession of Kumaonis
The people of Kumaon are honest, hardworking and are concerned about their self esteem. Agriculture
in timber are their main occupations.