(Last Updated on : 25/07/2013)
India is extraordinarily rich- both in quantity and quality of its iron ore deposits. The ores primarily comprise haematite and magnetite.
Haematite contains upto 68% metal content, while magnetite asserts upto 60%. Then comes limotitie- an inferior quality iron ore. The latest official figures about the iron ore reserves are a little over 13,000 million tonnes. The élite quality reserves of iron-ore are located in Singhbhum in Bihar and Keonjhar, Bonai and Mayurbhanj in Orissa. Second in line is Chhatisgarh with Raipur, Durg and Bastar districts. The Bailadila mines in Bastar have been developed with Japanese collaboration. Ores are mechanically transported to Visakhapatnam for agile despatch on their way to Japan.
The other iron-ore deposits are found in several districts of Andhra Pradesh, Salem and Tinichirapalli districts of Tamil Nadu, and Chikmagalur and Bellari districts of Karnataka. Goa also has iron-ore deposits, which are habitually shipped to Japan from Portuguese times.
Production of iron-ore was 3 million tonnes in 1950-51. By 1997-98 it had surpassed the 70 million tonne mark. Ports specialising in export of iron-ore comprise Visakhapatnam, Marma Goa, Paradip and Calcutta. Kudremukh manufactures iron pallets and are anticipated to be exported from Mangalore port. Indian iron-ore has enormous requirement in international market because of its rich iron contents.
Recently Updated Articles in Geography of India
|• ||Koyna Dam|
Koyna Dam is the largest dam in Maharashtra. This dam has been constructed in the Koyna Nagar nestled in the Western Ghats between Chiplun and Karad. It originates from Mahabaleshwar, a hill station in the Sahyadris Mountain Range.
|• ||Jindhagada Peak|
Jindhagada Peak is the tallest peak of Eastern Ghats Mountain Range.
|• ||Eastern Coastal Plains|
The Eastern Coastal plains extend amongst the sea coast from Subarnarekha River to Kanyakumari and Eastern Ghats. The Deltas of Mahanadi, Godavari, Kaveri and Krishna River traverse these plains. The eastern coast has several sub categories in it as well.
|• ||Rocket Launches in India|
Rocket Launches in India were some of the biggest challenges faced by the country. India pioneered not only in manufacturing of the rockets and launching them but also designing them with the help of knowledge gained from the French scientists.
|• ||Sasthamkotta Lake|
Sasthamkotta is a freshwater lake in Kerala. It happens to be the largest fresh water lake in India. The lake is located at Sasthamkotta in Kollam District. It is situated at a distance of 30 kilometers from Kollam.