The next cropping season is called rabi. It predominately depends upon subsoil moisture. Sowing is done in November and crops are harvested in April-May. The primary crops include wheat, gram and oil seeds like mustard and rapeseed.
Leaving these two dominant crop seasons, a short cropping season has been introduced of late, principally in irrigated areas where early-maturing crops are grown. Moong and urad are well-known crops of this season. It helps in improving the protein content of everyday diet. Watermelons and cucumber are also grown in this season.
It has been truly commented that India produces every cereal, pulse, vegetable and fruit, not forgetting the fibre crop, under the sun. Firstly, food crops, which include cereals and pulses, can be discussed. By looking at the national food budget before studying other crops like oilseeds, sugarcane, potatoes, spices, fruits, etc., can be of much benefit. Beverages and fibres are the other significant crops under Indian agriculture.