The state has three physical zones as:
The coastal Karavali
Malnad comprising of the Western Ghats (Western Ghats Mountain Range in India)
The Bayaluseeme comprising of the plains of the Deccan plateau.
The elevation of Karnataka is 1,500 feet. The highest temperature recorded here was 45.6 C (114.08 F) and the lowest recorded temperature was 2.8 C (37.04 F). Karnataka receives an average annual rainfall of 1139 mm. The highest point in Karnataka is the the top of the hill Mullayanagiri, which has an altitude of 1929 mts above sea level.
Karnataka experiences four seasons as
1. Winter - The state experiences winter in January and February. The season is very pleasant.
2. Summer-the state experiences summer during the months of March and May. This season is hot, dry and marked by high humidity.
3. Monsoon - falls between June and September. During the monsoon, the southwest monsoon winds bring rains.
4. Post monsoon - the season is pleasant.
Eleven types of soil orders are found in Karnataka as Entisols, Inceptisols, Mollisols, Spodosols, Alfisols, Ultisols, Oxisols, Aridisols, Vertisols, Andisols and Histosols. Depending on the agricultural productivity, the soil ios divided into seven types as Red, lateritic, black, alluvio-colluvial, forest and coastal soils.