Eastern Coastal Plains - Informative & researched article on Eastern Coastal Plains
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesGeography of India


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > Geography of India > Indian Physiography > Eastern Coastal Plains
Eastern Coastal Plains
Eastern Coastal Plains are the extensive stretch of land lying in between the Bay of Bengal and Eastern Ghats.
 
 The wide stretch of landmass of India, lying between the Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal are the Eastern Coastal Plains. It stretches from Tamil Nadu in the south to West Bengal in the north. The Eastern Coastal Plains are broad and its width is 100 km to 120 km. The Mahanadi River, Godavari River, Kaveri River and Krishna River traverse these plains. These rivers have carved out broad valleys and deltas. The region receives both the northeast and southwest monsoon rains. North of the Godavari Delta where the Eastern Ghats close on the sea, the coastal lowland is narrow. At some places, it is less than 32 km. The annual rainfall ranges between 1,000mm and 3000 mm.

The Eastern Coastal Plains are divided into seven regions. The Mahanadi delta in Orissa; the southern Andhra Pradesh plain; the Krishna Godavari deltas in Andhra Pradesh; the Kanyakumari coast; Coromandel or Madras Coast in Tamil Nadu and sandy littoral. As the Indian Peninsular Plateau south of the Satpura Range is tilted to the east, all rivers of Deccan with the exception of the Tapti River, flow eastwards towards the Bay of Bengal. These rivers have spread alluvium over almost whole of this plain and have built large deltas at some places. Sea waves being far less furious than those impinging on the west coast, have failed to scour away huge amount of sediments brought by large rivers like the Mahanadi, Krishna, Kaveri and Godavari rivers. Thus, these rivers have built large deltas which being fertile and irrigated and heavily populated. Spits, lagoons and off-shore bars also develop along the coast. The coast is fringed at some places with dunes. Mangrove forests also grow along the seaward front of the deltas. Because of the shallowness of the sea near the emerged Eastern Coastal lowlands, deep natural harbours except Mumbai and Marmagao (Goa) are absent along both the coasts.

This article is a stub. You can enrich by adding more information to it. Send your Write Up to content@indianetzone.com

(Last Updated on : 13/02/2010)
More Articles in Indian Physiography  (37)
Recently Updated Articles in Geography of India
Five-fold division of the Indian Physiography
Traditionally Indian was divided into five major regions known as "Five-fold division of the Indian subcontinent".
Evolution of the Indian Physiography
The evolution of the Indian Subcontinent is indeed quite an impressive story- the kind rising from nothingness.
Physiography of Southern Regions
Physiography of Southern regions are varied and represent the unique climate and geographical features of the southern regions.
Sispara Peak
Sispara Peak of Kerala is the second highest peak in the core area of Silent Valley. It is home to the people of Toda tribes.
Density of Population in India
Density of population in India determines the population in per unit area or volume. The natural as well as human factors have a great impact on the population density of the country.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on Geography of India
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
 
 
Eastern Coastal Plains - Informative & researched article on Eastern Coastal Plains
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.