Loach, Indian Freshwater Fish - Informative & researched article on Loach, Indian Freshwater Fish
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesHistory of India


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > Geography of India > Indian Natural History > Loach
Loach, Indian Freshwater Fish
Loach is a fresh water fish which can also survive in waters where there is scarcity of Oxygen. It belongs to the family, Cobitidae.
 
 Loach, Indian Freshwater FishLoach is a small freshwater fish which belongs to the family Cobitidae, grows at most about eight centimetres long. The fish is thin and cylindrical in structure, with a number of barbels around the mouth. Most of the loaches are colourful with black and yellow stripes or pale yellow with black dots. Even if they are referred to as Loaches, these fishes are also called as "Thorn-eyes". They are so called because they possess one or two thorn-shaped spines which are there immediately between the eyes or almost beneath the eyes which are often erect and are used for self-defence. These are found every where in Asia, Europe, and some parts of Africa.

Loaches occur in shallow streams and puddles all over India usually half buried in the bottom sand. Some occur in rice fields in western India during the monsoon and are therefore called `ricefield loach`. It has a comparatively larger teeth-like bony projection below the eye by which it remains attached to the substratum. A loach Botia striata from Kolhapur and Botia lohachata from Uttar Pradesh are popular aquarium fishes.

Loaches normally feed on organic matter available at the bottom. Their breeding habits are not clearly known but the young fry, which are very tiny and colourless, quickly distribute themselves to new waters and select fields where they are a surprise to the novice. These fishes have the capacity to live in oxygen deficient waters by absorbing atmospheric air from the surface of water and moving it along its intestine in order to absorb the oxygen while the excess air is rejected out through the anus.

Loach bears a spine or spines below its eye which becomes erect when there is any threat from a predator. Barbels, possessing taste buds, are utilized to find the substrate for food. These fishes possess small scales which gives its body a `skin-like` look. These fresh water fishes are usually nocturnal or crepuscular. Some of the Loaches rest on their side for very long periods. Very little success is registered in breeding loaches in captivity and may be the recreation of the conditions of rainy season could bring on spawning.

(Last Updated on : 18/02/2010)
More Articles in Indian Natural History  (66)
 
Snails  (3)
 
Spider  (1)
 
Sponges  (1)
 
 
Algae  
 
Amoeba  
 
 
Clams  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Slugs  
 
 
 
 
 
Squids  
 
 
Recently Updated Articles in History of India
Deuli Hill
Deuli hills, located in Odisha, houses several ancient rock-cut Buddhist chambers where Buddhist monks used to dwell, especially during rainy season.
Puphagiri
Puphagiri, situated in Odisha, has been identified as one of the oldest Buddhist establishments of the world. The annual celebration of Buddha Mahotsava in Puphagiri makes the place further inviting for tourists.
Sutuphaa
Sutaphaa was an ancient king of the Ahom kingdom, who was treacherously murdered by a Sutiya king.
Archaeological Sites in Kutch
Archaeological Site in Kutch District means Dholavira. The existence of a new archaeological site, expected to be older than Dholavira by over 15,000 years, near Maruda Takkar hill has been confirmed following research carried out by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
Balathal
Balathal, Rajasthan is an interesting archaeological site from where artefacts of Chalcolithic Age and Early Historic Period including various pottery products and ancient skeletal remains have been unearthed.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on Geography of India
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
 
 
Loach, Indian Freshwater Fish - Informative & researched article on Loach, Indian Freshwater Fish
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.