Gharanas of Kathak - Informative & researched article on Gharanas of Kathak
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesIndian Dances


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
Indian Crafts|Indian Monuments|Indian Dances|Indian Festivals|Indian Paintings|Indian Photography|Indian Sculpture
Home > Art & Culture > Indian Dances > Indian Classical Dances > Kathak > Gharanas of Kathak
Gharanas of Kathak
Gharanas of Kathak usually comes from the name of the place or city from where it was originated.
 
 Gharanas of KathakThe word "Gharana" literally means "House" and it implies the house of the teacher. It is linked to the very ancient concept of the Guru-Shishya-Parampara (linage of teacher or disciple) but with some interesting modern twists.

The Gharanas of Kathak are as follows:

Lucknow Gharana
This gharana of Kathak actually developed in the courts of the Nawab of Oudh in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh. It particularly gives importance to grace, elegance and natural expressions in the dance. Abhinaya or expressional acting, especially improvised, plays a very strong role in this style, and Birju Maharaj, Shambhu Maharaj and Lachhu Maharaj were all famed for the naturalness of and innovativeness of their abhinaya.

Jaipur Gharana
Jaipur Gharana developed in the courts of the Kachchwaha kings of Jaipur in Rajasthan. The significance is placed on the more technical aspects of dance, such as complex and powerful footwork, multiple spins, and complicated compositions in different talas. There is also a greater incorporation of compositions from the Pakhawaj, such as, Parans.

Gharanas of Kathak Banaras Gharana
The Banaras Gharana was developed by Janakiprasad. It is characterized by the exclusive use of the Natwari or Dance bols, which are different from the tabla and the Pakhawaj bols. There are differences in the Thaat and Tatkaar, and Chakkars are kept at a minimum but are often taken from both the right- and the left-hand sides with equal confidence. There is also a greater use of the floor. Though the style developed in Varanasi, today it flourishes in Bikaner.

Raigarh Gharana
It was established by the Maharaja Chakradhar Singh in the princely state of Raigarh in Chhatisgarh in the early 20th century. The Maharaja invited many luminaries of Kathak (as well as famous percussionists) to his court, including, Kalka Prasad (the father of Acchan, Lacchu and Shambhu Maharaj) and his sons, and Pandit Jailal from Jaipur gharana. The confluence of different styles and artists created a unique environment for the development of new Kathak and tabla compositions created from various backgrounds.

This article is a stub. You can enrich by adding more information to it. Send your Write Up to content@indianetzone.com

(Last Updated on : 02/04/2015)
More Articles in Kathak  (49)
Recently Updated Articles in Indian Dances
V. Anuradha Singh
V. Anuradha Singh is an Indian Classical dancer from India. V. Anuradha Singh is credited with discovering classical foot percussion instrumental. Currently she is recognized internationally as only percussionist of feet bells.
Sudha Chandra Sekhar
Sudha Chandra Sekhar is a popular Kathak dancer, equally famous in the fields of Bharatnatyam and Kuchipudi.
Sucharita Datta
Sucharita Datta is an Indian Kathak dancer of repute and is also an expert in Bharatanatyam and Kathakali.
Megha Jagawat
Megha Jagawat is an emerging Indian Kathak Dancer. A talented artiste she has performed throughout the world and won accolades.
Rina Singha
Rina Singha, born in the year 1937 is a famous name in Kathak dance form.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on Indian Dances
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Art & Culture
 
 
Gharanas of Kathak - Informative & researched article on Gharanas of Kathak
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.